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These test methods cover the determination of the refractive index and the specific optical dispersion of electrical insulating liquids such as are used in capacitors, transformers, circuit breakers, and oil-filled cables.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D27 on Electronic Insulating Liquids and Gases, these test methods were withdrawn in January 2014 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the refractive index and the specific optical dispersion of electrical insulating liquids such as are used in capacitors, transformers, circuit breakers, and oil-filled cables.
1.2 Two test methods are described, a routine method and a more precise referee method. Both methods are applicable to transparent, light-colored, insulating liquids.
1.2.1 The routine method is used to determine refractive index and specific optical dispersion as described in these test methods.
1.2.2 The referee method is used when a test of high accuracy is desired. These methods are described in Test Method D1218. Specific optical dispersion is calculated by dividing the refractive dispersion value determined in Test Method D1218 by the relative density (specific gravity) (see Test Method D1298) of the liquid under test.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1218 Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method