Significance and Use
Phenolic compounds are sometimes found in surface waters from natural and industrial sources. Their presence in streams and other waterways frequently will cause off flavor in fish tissue and other aquatic food.
Chlorination of waters containing phenols may produce chlorophenols that are odoriferous and objectionable tasting.
1.1 These test methods cover the preparation of the sample and the determination of the concentration of phenolic compounds in water. They are based on the color reaction of phenol (C6H5OH) with 4-aminoantipyrine and any color produced by the reaction of other phenolic compounds is reported as phenol. The concentration of phenol measured represents the minimum concentration of phenolic compounds present in the sample.
1.2 Phenolic compounds with a substituent in the para position may not quantitatively produce color with 4-aminoantipyrine. However, para substituents of phenol such as carboxyl, halogen, hydroxyl, methoxyl, or sulfonic acid groups do produce color with 4-aminoantipyrine.
1.3 These test methods address specific applications as follows:
|Test Method AChloroform Extraction|
Test Method BDirect Photometric
|0 to 100 μg/L|
|11 to 17|
18 to 24
1.4 It is the users' responsibility to assure the validity of the standard test method for use in their particular matrix of interest.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements see 6.3.2 and 8.6.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1192 Guide for Equipment for Sampling Water and Steam in Closed Conduits
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1293 Test Methods for pH of Water
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
D5789 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Organic Constituents
D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
4-aminoantipyrene; phenol; phenolic compounds; spectrometry;
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]