This specification covers chemical treatments and anodic treatments for preparation of magnesium alloy surfaces for printing. The procedure for preliminary treatment of surfaces using alkaline cleaners and acid cleaners are presented. Class I, type I (chrome pickle) surface preparation procedure is applicable to all forms of magnesium except certain special alloys containing silver. Class I, type II (sealed chrome pickle) surface preparation procedure is applicable to all types and forms of magnesium-based alloys, subject only to the limitations of class I, type I treatment. Class I, type III treatment is applicable to all types and forms of magnesium-based alloys except M1 alloy and certain rare-earth alloys similar to EK30A. Class II, type I (galvanic dichromate treatment) produce black coatings of good protective and pain-base qualities, and is applicable to all alloys and forms of magnesium, including M1 alloy. Class II, type II treatment is applicable to all forms and alloys of magnesium. Class II, type III treatment is applicable to all forms and alloys of magnesium, free from attachments or inserts of other metals.
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1.1 These practices cover two classes of treatment for preparation of magnesium alloy surfaces for painting, as follows:
Class I—Chemical Treatments.
Class II—Anodic Treatments.
In general, the latter treatments are the more protective of the two classes. Mechanical (abrasive) treatments, solvent cleaning, alkaline solution treatments, and acid pickles not resulting in protective conversion coatings are suitable preliminary treatments only for metal to be exposed under mildly corrosive (indoor) exposures. When a high degree of corrosion protection and paint adhesion are desired, as in many outdoor environments, surface preparation by one of the above conversion-coat classes is necessary. The hexavalent chromium based methods given are not recommended as hexavalent chromium is a known carcinogen.
—Testing of Coatings—Quality control tests of coatings are frequently desirable, and these generally consist of exposures, with or without paint, to salt spray, humidity, or natural environments, with suitable procedures for assessing the degree of breakdown suffered after fixed time intervals. It is recommended that quality control tests of coatings shall be made as far as possible with high-purity material (for example AZ31A alloy), the inherent corrosion rate of which is relatively consistent from batch to batch) and that precautions shall be taken to remove surface contamination before coatings are applied. Such contamination shall be removed by acid pickling to a depth of at least 0.001 in. (25 μm) per side.
1.2 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (See Note 11.)
anodic treatments; magnesium; painting; surface preparation;
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