ASTM D1696 - 95(2011)

    Standard Test Method for Solubility of Cellulose in Sodium Hydroxide

    Active Standard ASTM D1696 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.36

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.03


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    Significance and Use

    The measurement of soluble oxidizable components of cellulose in sodium hydroxide is indicative of the purity of the cellulose sample, since pure cellulose is insoluble in sodium hydroxide. The extracted components are typically hemicelluloses, which are naturally present in the wood. Differences in pulp purity can have a dramatic impact on the processing and properties of the cellulose derivatives produced from the pulp.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is intended for application to dissolving-type cellulose pulps prepared from cotton or wood. The procedure is not directly applicable to unrefined pulps for use in chemical conversion processes because solubility equilibrium may not be attained within the specified extraction time.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1347 Test Methods for Methylcellulose

    D1348 Test Methods for Moisture in Cellulose

    TAPPI Standard

    T429 Method for Alpha-Cellulose in Paper Available from Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI), P.O. Box 105113, Atlanta, GA 30348; 15 Technology Parkway South, Norcross, GA 30092.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 85.040 (Pulps)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352200(Biochemicals)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1696-95R11

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