ASTM D1693 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics

    Active Standard ASTM D1693 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method may be used for routine inspection purposes by subjecting a required number of specimens to the test conditions for a specified time and noting the number that fail. The cracking obtained with the test reagent is indicative of what may be expected from a wide variety of surface-active agents, soaps, and organic substances that are not absorbed appreciably by the polymer.

    5.2 Environmental stress-cracking is a property that is highly dependent upon the nature and level of the stresses applied and on the thermal history of the specimen (1). Under the conditions of the test method, high local multiaxial stresses are developed through the introduction of a controlled imperfection (2, 3). Environmental stress-cracking has been found to occur most readily under such conditions.

    Note 2Different types of polyethylene plastics as defined in Specification D1248 are generally tested under different levels of strain and stress. When it is expressly desired to compare the types at equal levels of strain, the specimens for all types should be tested under Condition B, Table 1 (4) .
    TABLE 1 Standard Test Conditions

    Condition

    Specimen Thickness

    Notch Depth

    Bath Temperature, °C

    mmA

    in.

    mmA

    in.

    AB

    min

    3.00

    0.120

    0.50

    0.020

    50

     

    max

    3.30

    0.130

    0.65

    0.025

     

    BB

    min

    1.84

    0.0725

    0.30

    0.012

    50

     

    max

    1.97

    0.0775

    0.40

    0.015

     

    CC

    min

    1.84

    0.0725

    0.30

    0.012

    100C

     

    max

    1.97

    0.0775

    0.40

    0.015

     

    A Dimensional values are not exactly equivalent. However, for referee purposes the metric units shall apply.
    B For referee purposes, concentration of Igepal will be consistent with the appropriate material standard. If no concentration is given, then 10 % volume solution shall be used.
    C At a temperature of 100°C, a full-strength reagent, rather than an aqueous solution of a reagent, is generally used because solutions tend to change their compositions by water evaporation losses during the period of test.

    5.3 Information from this test method is not intended to be used for direct application to engineering problems.

    Note 3Caution should be used in comparing and ranking various ethylene plastics into distinct and separate groups by this test method (see Section 13 and Note 12).

    As thermal history is recognized as an important variable, test results by this test method employing laboratory molded samples cannot necessarily be expected to show agreement with test results from samples obtained by other means. The true performance potential of a given ethylene plastic may, however, best be determined with specimens obtained from commercially prepared items (5).

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the susceptibility of ethylene plastics, as defined in Terminology D883, to environmental stress-cracking when subjected to the conditions herein specified. Under certain conditions of stress and in the presence of environments such as soaps, wetting agents, oils, or detergents, ethylene plastics may exhibit mechanical failure by cracking.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature

    D1248 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Extrusion Materials for Wire and Cable

    D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials

    D4703 Practice for Compression Molding Thermoplastic Materials into Test Specimens, Plaques, or Sheets

    D4976 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13111016(Polyethylene)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1693-13

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