1.1 This standard consists of technical terms used in standards under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D01 (on Paint and Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications), and of definitions suitable for use in these standards.
Note 1—When any definition in this standards is quoted or published out of the context of this standard, editorially insert the following delimiting statement “for paints and related coatings, materials, and applications” after the dash following the term (in the absence of an existing delimiting statement). This will limit the filed of application of the term and definition to that approved by this committee.
1.2 In this terminology standard, definitions used in other ASTM standards are indicated by following the definition with the designation of that standard. In some cases, a relevant D01 subcommittee is also listed. Definitions influenced by those used by other organizations are indicated by the acronym of the organization. Primary terms are given in bold, while narrower and unapproved terms are given in italics.
1.3 There are several specialized terminology standards under the jurisdiction of Committee D01, as follows: D804, D1695, D6440, D6488, and D7188. Few definitions from those standards are included in Terminology D16. Therefore, in searches for definitions of paints and coatings terms, these standards should be included where appropriate.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D804 Terminology Relating to Pine Chemicals, Including Tall Oil and Related Products
D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive
D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products
D1653 Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films
D1695 Terminology of Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives
D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
D1736 Test Method for Efflorescence of Interior Wall Paints
D1848 Classification for Reporting Paint Film Failures Characteristic of Exterior Latex Paints
D2794 Test Method for Resistance of Organic Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation (Impact)
D3450 Test Method for Washability Properties of Interior Architectural Coatings
D4062 Test Method for Leveling of Paints by Draw-Down Method
D4209 Practice for Determining Volatile and Nonvolatile Content of Cellulosics, Emulsions, Resin Solutions, Shellac, and Varnishes
D4366 Test Methods for Hardness of Organic Coatings by Pendulum Damping Tests
D4958 Test Method for Comparison of the Brush Drag of Latex Paints
D5146 Guide to Testing Solvent-Borne Architectural Coatings
D5178 Test Method for Mar Resistance of Organic Coatings
D6440 Terminology Relating to Hydrocarbon Resins
D6488 Terminology Relating to Print Problems
D7188 Terminology for Printing Inks, Materials, and Processes
E284 Terminology of Appearance
Method24,40CFRPart60 Determination of Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings
ICS Number Code 01.040.87 (Paint and colour industries (Vocabularies)); 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)
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