ASTM D1574 - 04(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Extractable Matter in Wool and Other Animal Fibers

    Active Standard ASTM D1574 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.13

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Test Method D1574 is considered satisfactory for acceptance testing since the method has been used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing.

    5.1.1 In case of a dispute arising from differences in reported test results when using Test Method D1574 for acceptance testing of commercial shipments, the purchaser and the supplier should conduct comparative tests to determine if there is a statistical bias between their laboratories. Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. As a minimum, the two parties should take a group of test specimens that are as homogeneous as possible and that are from a lot of material of the type in question. The test specimens should then be randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using Student's t-test for unpaired data and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before the testing is begun. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and the supplier must agree to interpret future test results in the light of the known bias.

    5.2 This test method may be used to estimate the quantity of oil, grease, and waxy materials remaining on or in wool fibers after scouring, or the quantity of lubricant added before carding or remaining after carding, or the quantity of such materials added or removed in subsequent processing operations.

    5.3 The residues obtained in this test may be subjected to chemical analysis for identification and assay of the component materials, if desired.

    5.4 The specified solvent in this test method does not remove some materials, such as soaps, that may be present in wool and hence in some cases may reflect more closely the added content of some extractables in wool such as oils. When such materials are present and an estimate of their quantity is desired, some other solvent or combination of solvents should be used as specified in a material specification or by agreement. The information in the Annex of this test method may be useful for this purpose. Various solvents have been used in the past, and are still used to some extent. Many of these solvents are undesirable, however, because of flammability, toxic or anesthetic effects, or unpleasant odors. Trichlorotrifluoroethane is nonflammable, has a very low level of toxicity, and a high degree of stability and is a good solvent for most fatty or mineral oils, greases, and waxes. The specified solvent, under conditions of the test, was found in interlaboratory test not to extract wool protein.

    Note 2Since the specified solvent is primarily a solvent for oils rather than soap, the extractable matter obtained in this procedure may be considered a measure of commercial oil content.

    Note 3Due to the hazardous nature of some of the solvents listed in Table A1.1, the user should refer to the manufacturer's recommendations for use before using under the conditions of this test method.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the amount of extractable matter in samples of all forms of wool, except grease wool, that is extractable with a non-flammable vapor degreasing and cleaning solvent.

    1.2 This test method does not cover the determination of the amounts of different components in the extracted matter nor their identification.

    1.3 This test method is suitable for use with other animal fibers.

    Note 1The determination of extractable matter in yarns and in felts is covered in Test Methods D2257 and D461. For the determination of alcohol-extractable matter in oven-dry scoured wool, refer to Test Methods D584 and D1334.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See 5.4 and Note 3.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D461 Test Methods for Felt

    D584 Test Method for Wool Content of Raw Wool--Laboratory Scale

    D1334 Test Method for Wool Content of Raw Wool--Commercial Scale

    D1576 Test Method for Moisture in Wool by Oven-Drying

    D2257 Test Method for Extractable Matter in Textiles

    D2462 Test Method for Moisture in Wool by Distillation With Toluene

    D4845 Terminology Relating to Wool


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.060.10 (Natural fibres)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11151508(Wool fibers)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1574

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