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Significance and Use
4.1 The thermal resistance of a batting or batting/fabric system is of considerable importance in determining its suitability for use in fabricating cold weather protective clothing, sleeping bags, and bedding systems. The thermal interchange between man and his environment is, however, an extremely complicated subject which involves many factors in addition to the insulation values of fabrics and battings. Therefore, measured thermal insulation values can only indicate relative merit of a particular material.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the thermal resistance, under steady-state conditions, of battings and batting/fabric systems, and other materials within the limits specified in . It measures the heat transfer from a warm, dry, constant-temperature, horizontal flat-plate up through a layer of the test material to a cool atmosphere and calculates the resistance of the material. The measurements are made under still air conditions (Option #1) or with a horizontal air flow over the specimen (Option #2).
1.2 For practical purposes, this test method is limited to determinations on specimens of battings and layered batting/fabric assemblies having an intrinsic thermal resistance from 0.1 to 1.5 K·m2/W and thicknesses not in excess of 50 mm.
1.3 This test method also provides a method for determining the bulk density of the material, the insulation per unit thickness, and the insulation per unit weight.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns associated with its use. It is the responsibility of whoever uses this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
F1291 Test Method for Measuring the Thermal Insulation of Clothing Using a Heated Manikin
F1494 Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing
F1720 Test Method for Measuring Thermal Insulation of Sleeping Bags Using a Heated Manikin
F1868 Test Method for Thermal and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Materials Using a Sweating Hot Plate
F2370 Test Method for Measuring the Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Using a Sweating Manikin
ISO StandardsISO 11092 Textiles-Physiological Effects-Measurement of Thermal and Water-Vapour Resistance Under Steady-State Conditions (Sweating Guarded-Hotplate Test) ISO 9073-2 Textile--Test Methods for Nonwovens--Part 2: Determination of Thickness
ICS Number Code 59.080.30 (Textile fabrics)
UNSPSC Code 11162400(Batting); 30141500(Thermal insulation)
ASTM D1518-14, Standard Test Method for Thermal Resistance of Batting Systems Using a Hot Plate, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top