Significance and Use
These test methods cover tests on small clear specimens of wood that are made to provide the following:
Data for comparing the mechanical properties of various species,
Data for the establishment of correct strength functions, which in conjunction with results of tests of timbers in structural sizes (see Test Methods D198 and Test Methods D4761), afford a basis for establishing allowable stresses, and
Data to determine the influence on the mechanical properties of such factors as density, locality of growth, position in cross section, height of timber in the tree, change of properties with seasoning or treatment with chemicals, and change from sapwood to heartwood.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of various strength and related properties of wood by testing small clear specimens.
1.1.1 These test methods represent procedures for evaluating the different mechanical and physical properties, controlling factors such as specimen size, moisture content, temperature, and rate of loading.
1.1.2 Sampling and collection of material is discussed in Practice D5536. Sample data, computation sheets, and cards have been incorporated, which were of assistance to the investigator in systematizing records.
1.1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. When a weight is prescribed, the basic inch-pound unit of weight (lbf) and the basic SI unit of mass (Kg) are cited.
1.2 The procedures for the various tests appear in the following order:
|Photographs of Specimens|| 5|
|Control of Moisture Content and Temperature|| 6|
|Record of Heartwood and Sapwood|| 7|
|Static Bending|| 8|
|Compression Parallel to Grain|| 9|
|Compression Perpendicular to Grain||12|
|Shear Parallel to Grain||14|
|Tension Parallel to Grain||16|
|Tension Perpendicular to Grain||17|
|Specific Gravity and Shrinkage in Volume||19|
|Radial and Tangential Shrinkage||20|
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D198 Test Methods of Static Tests of Lumber in Structural Sizes
D2395 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
D3043 Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure
D3500 Test Methods for Structural Panels in Tension
D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
D4761 Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
D5536 Practice for Sampling Forest Trees for Determination of Clear Wood Properties
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
clear specimens; small clear specimens; timber; wood; Bend testing--wood products; Clear wood evaluation/testing; Cleavages; Compression testing--wood/wood products; Field testing--wood products; Flexural testing--wood products; Hardness tests--wood products; Heartwood; Impact testing--building products; Moisture analysis--wood products; Nail pull resistance; Nails; Radial shrinkage; Sapwood; Shear testing--wood products; Shipping; Shrinkage; Single-blow impact test; Specific gravity--wood products; Static tests--building materials/applications; Summerwood; Tangential shrinkage; Tensile properties/testing--wood products; Timber; Toughness; Withdrawal resistance;
ICS Number Code 79.040 (Wood, sawlogs and sawn timber)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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