Active Standard ASTM D1411 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.15
Book of Standards Volume: 04.08
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
The percentage of calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, and alkali chloride (calculated as sodium chloride) in graded aggregate obtained from aggregate roads or aggregate bases under paved roads is of interest to highway departments using calcium chloride or sodium chloride stabilization. The percentages of calcium chloride or sodium chloride obtained in these test methods are compared with the quantities added to determine whether the road material and stabilizing agent were properly mixed, whether leaching of the stabilizing agent occurred, etc.
Note 2—The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740
1.1 These test methods are applicable to the determination of water-soluble calcium, magnesium, and sodium chlorides used as admixtures in the preparation of graded aggregate road materials.
1.1.1 Method A, Total Chlorides—Add an excess of a standard silver nitrate solution to the filtered sample; back titrate the excess silver with a standard ammonium thiocyanate solution to a red-orange endpoint using Volhard indicator.
1.1.2 Method B, Calcium Chloride—Calcium in an alkaline solution is titrated with standard EDTA solution using calcein modified as an indicator. The color change is from green to blue.
1.1.3 Method C, Magnesium Chloride—Calcium and magnesium, in a solution buffered to a pH of 10, are titrated with standard EDTA solution using eriochrome black T as an indicator. The color change is from red to blue. Magnesium chloride is calculated by subtracting the EDTA calcium equivalent volume determined in the analysis for calcium chloride from the total EDTA volume used, to obtain the magnesium EDTA equivalent by difference.
1.1.4 Method D, Alkali Chloride—Alkali chlorides are calculated from the difference of the total chloride and calcium and magnesium determinations.
Note 1—These test methods assume that the aggregate did not contain significant amounts of the water-soluble chlorides in question before the admixture was added. If significant amounts of these chlorides are known or suspected to be present, the aggregate shall be tested for these constituents according to these test methods and the proper corrections made.
1.2 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026
1.2.1 The method used to specify how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project’s many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.
1.5 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data