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Significance and Use
Flash point and fire point of a liquid are physical properties that may be used to define their flammability hazards. The flash point may be used to classify materials in government regulations.
1.1 This test method covers the determination by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus of the flash point and fire point of liquids having flash points between 18 and 165°C (0 and 325°F) and fire points up to 325°F.
1.2 This test method, when applied to paints and resin solutions that tend to skin over or that are very viscous, gives less reproducible results than when applied to solvents. Note 1 - In order to conserve time and sample, the fire point of a material may be determined by the Tag Open-Cup Method by continuing the heating of the specimen to its fire point. Fire points may also be determined by Test Method D 92, which should be used for fire points beyond the scope of this test method.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use
This standard does not purport to address the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
D850 Test Method for Distillation of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials
D1015 Test Method for Freezing Points of High-Purity Hydrocarbons
D1016 Test Method for Purity of Hydrocarbons from Freezing Points
D1078 Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids
D1364 Test Method for Water in Volatile Solvents (Karl Fischer Reagent Titration Method)
D2268 Test Method for Analysis of High-Purity n-Heptane and Isooctane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
D2699 Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
D2700 Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
ICS Number Code 87.060.30 (Solvents)
UNSPSC Code 12190000(Solvents)