ASTM D1165 - 13

    Standard Nomenclature of Commercial Hardwoods and Softwoods

    Active Standard ASTM D1165 | Developed by Subcommittee: D07.91

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.10


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The purpose of this standard is to provide common tree names and botanical names for commercial species and species groups but is not intended to be all inclusive of commercial practice. The decision about which commercial species are included in this practice is made by the D07 committee on wood.

    4.2 Individual species are frequently mixed in commercial species groups for marketing or harvesting convenience, or for similar appearance or performance properties, or both.

    4.3 Consumers of lumber, plywood, and other wood-based products may use different mixes of species for the same species group name. This practice should provide clarity for nomenclature used throughout wood-consuming industries.

    1. Scope

    1.1 Commercial species group names are listed with common tree and botanical names. Commercial names are representative of commercial practice in the United States and Canada. Some foreign species that are used in the United States and Canada are listed in Appendix X1 with their commercial and botanical names.

    1.2 The official common names conform to USFS AH 41. In addition to the official common name for a species, the checklist also lists other names by which the species and the lumber produced from it are sometimes designated. Names unique to Canada are shown with an *.

    1.3 The designations in parentheses, (North) and (South), a convention used by the American Lumber Standard Committee (ALSC) accredited lumber rules writing agencies listed in NIST PS 20, identify a commercial name applied only when the included species are harvested from Canada as (North) or the United States as (South).


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Documents

    NIST PS 20 American Softwood Lumber Standard, U.S. Department of Commerce

    USFSAH 41 Check List of Native and Naturalized Trees of the United States (including Alaska), Agriculture Handbook No. 41, 1953, U.S. Department of Agriculture


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.79 (Wood technology (Vocabularies)); 79.020 (Wood technology processes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D1165

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