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Significance and Use
The significance of these test methods lies in the ability to differentiate between the degrees of ozone resistance under the limited and specified conditions of the accelerated tests. The degree of resistance being judged by the appearance and magnitude of the formation of cracks in the surface of the subject material.
In service, rubber materials deteriorate when exposed to ozone. It is imperative to have test methods in which simple, accelerated time/exposure, comparisons of the material’s ability to resist cracking caused by ozone exposure can be empirically evaluated. Such tests can be used for producer/consumer acceptance, referee purposes, research, and development.
These methods are not necessarily suited for use in purchase specifications as there may be no correlation with service performance as actual service conditions (outdoor exposure) vary widely due to geographic location and, therefore, may not yield repeatable or reproducible results.
1.1 These test methods are used to estimate the effect of exposure, under surface tensile strain conditions, either dynamic or static, in an atmosphere containing specified levels of ozone concentration, expressed as partial pressure (refer to Note 1), on vulcanized rubber, rubber compounds, molded or extruded soft rubber, and other specified materials, or as may be determined empirically. The effect of naturally occurring sunlight or light from artificial sources is excluded.
1.2.1 Test Method D518 and Test Methods D3395 have henceforth been withdrawn and superseded by Test Methods D1149. When Test Methods D1149 is cited, or otherwise referenced, a notation shall be included to this effect. Please refer to section 3.2 for the appropriate references.
1.3 The specified conditions of exposure to ozone in the controlled environments are accelerated in comparison to outdoor exposure. These accelerated ozone test methods may not give results which correlate with outdoor exposure tests or service performance.
1.4 All materials, instruments, or equipment used for the determination of mass, force, dimension, ozone concentration, partial pressure, temperature, velocity, and gas exchange rate shall have direct traceability to the National Institute for Standards and Technology, or other internationally recognized organization parallel in nature.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. Many of the stated SI units are direct conversions from the U.S. Customary System to accommodate the instrumentation, practices, and procedures that existed prior to the Metric Conversion Act of 1975.
1.6 This standard involves hazardous materials, specifically ozone. It may also involve hazardous operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—A discussion and explanation regarding the measurement of ozone concentrations based upon parts of ozone per unit of air versus partial pressure is provided in Test Methods D4575, specifically Appendices X1 and X2. Test Methods D4575 is also recommended as a source of background information regarding standards involving materials exposed to ozone.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D518 Test Method for Rubber Deterioration--Surface Cracking
D1171 Test Method for Rubber Deterioration--Surface Ozone Cracking Outdoors or Chamber (Triangular Specimens)
D1349 Practice for Rubber--Standard Temperatures for Testing
D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
D3395 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Dynamic Ozone Cracking in a Chamber
D4575 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Reference and Alternative Method(s) for Determining Ozone Level in Laboratory Test Chambers
ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber)
UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers)