ASTM D1094 - 07(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Water Reaction of Aviation Fuels

    Active Standard ASTM D1094 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.J0.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 When applied to aviation gasoline, water reaction volume change using the technique reveals the presence of water–soluble components such as alcohols. When applied to aviation turbine fuels, water reaction interface rating using the technique is not reliable in revealing the presence of surfactants which disarm filter-separators quickly and allow free water and particulates to pass; but can reveal the presence of other types of contaminants. Other tests, such as Test Method D3948, are capable of detecting surfactants in aviation fuels.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the presence of water-miscible components in aviation gasoline and turbine fuels, and the effect of these components on volume change and on the fuel-water interface.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. This standard involves the use of hazardous chemicals identified in Section 7. Before using this standard, refer to suppliers' safety labels, Material Safety Data Sheets and other technical literature.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

    D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents

    D1836 Specification for Commercial Hexanes

    D2699 Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D2700 Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D3948 Test Method for Determining Water Separation Characteristics of Aviation Turbine Fuels by Portable Separometer

    Energy Institute Standard

    IPStandardTestMethod Appendix B, Specification for Petroleum Spirits


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101504(Aviation fuel)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1094

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