Active Standard ASTM D1055 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.22
Book of Standards Volume: 08.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
These specifications, including test methods, apply to flexible cellular rubber products known as latex foam rubbers but do not apply to sponge and expanded rubbers. The base material used in their manufacture shall be natural rubber, reclaimed rubber, synthetic rubber, alone or in combination. The structure of latex foam rubbers consists of a network of open or interconnecting cells. Latex foam rubbers are made from rubber latices or liquid rubbers. They are manufactured in sheet, strip, molded, or specific shapes. Latex foam rubbers shall have a vulcanized cellular structure with a porous surface. The cells shall be interconnecting and of a uniform character. Latex foam rubbers shall be either cored or solid. Latex foam rubbers shall have their grade numbers designated by two letters which identify the kind of latex foam rubber as follows: RC for latex foam rubbers cored and RU for latex foam rubbers uncored. Digits following the letters are used to indicate the degree of firmness, the softer grades being identified with the lower numbers and the firmer grades with the higher numbers. These rubbers shall be subjected to the following tests: accelerated aging test, compression set under constant deflection test, flexing test, low temperature test, and static fatigue test.
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1.1 These specifications, including test methods, apply to flexible cellular rubber products known as latex foam rubbers but do not apply to sponge and expanded rubbers. The base material used in their manufacture shall be natural rubber, reclaimed rubber, synthetic rubber, alone or in combination.
1.2 In case of conflict between the provisions of these general specifications and those of detailed specifications or test methods for a particular product, the latter shall take precedence. Reference to methods for testing cellular rubber products should specifically state the particular test or tests desired.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D395 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Compression Set
D454 Test Method for Rubber Deterioration by Heat and Air Pressure
D572 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration by Heat and Oxygen
D573 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration in an Air Oven
D1056 Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials--Sponge or Expanded Rubber
D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
D3183 Practice for Rubber--Preparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products
ICS Number Code 83.040.10 (Latex and raw rubber); 83.100 (Cellular materials)