ASTM D1037 - 12

    Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D1037 | Developed by Subcommittee: D07.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.10


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    Significance and Use

    These test methods cover small-specimen tests for wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are made to provide:

    Data for comparing the mechanical and physical properties of various materials,

    Data for determining the influence on the basic properties of such factors as raw material and processing variables, post-treatments of panels, and environmental influences, and

    Data for manufacturing control, product research and development, and specification acceptance.

    Not all the tests outlined in these test methods may be necessary to evaluate any particular panel for any specified use. In each instance, therefore, it will be necessary to determine which tests shall be made.

    1. Scope

    1.1 Part AGeneral Test Methods for Evaluating the Basic Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials. These test methods cover the determination of the properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are produced as mat-formed panels such as particleboard, medium-density fiberboard, hardboard, and oriented strand board.

    Section
    Significance and Use3
    Apparatus4
    Test Specimens5
    Moisture Content and Conditioning Requirements6
    Accelerated Aging7
    Size, Physical Properties and Appearance of Panels8
    Static Bending9
    Tension Parallel to Surface10
    Tension Perpendicular to Surface11
    Compression Parallel to Surface12
    Fastener Holding Tests:
    Lateral Nail Resistance13
    Nail Withdrawal14
    Nail-Head Pull-Through15
    Direct Screw Withdrawal16
    Hardness17
    Hardness Modulus18
    Shear in the Plane of the Panel19
    Glue-Line Shear (Block Type)20
    Falling Ball Impact21
    Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester22
    Moisture Tests:
    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling23
    Linear Expansion with Change in Moisture Content24
    Cupping and Twisting25
    Interlaminar Shear26
    Edgewise Shear27
    Compression-Shear28

    1.2 Part BAcceptance and Specification Test Methods for Hardboard. The methods for Part B provide test procedures for measuring the following properties of hardboard:

    Section
    Thickness32
    Modulus of Rupture33
    Tension Strength Parallel to Surface34
    Tension Strength Perpendicular to Surface35
    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling36
    Moisture Content and Specific Gravity37

    1.3 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents are approximate in many cases. 1 in. = 25.4 mm, 1 lbf = 4.45 N.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 Basic Test Procedures for Evaluating Properties of Wood Base-Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    ASTM
    Designation
    Test Methods for
    C177Steady-State Heat-Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate ApparatusA
    C209Cellulosic Fiber Insulating BoardA
    C236Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of the Guarded Hot BoxA
    C384Impedance and Absorption of Acoustical Materials by the Imped-
    ance Tube MethodA
    C423Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Re-
    verberation Room MethodA
    D149Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Elec-
    trical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power FrequenciesB
    D150A-C Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating MaterialsB
    D257D-C Resistance or Conductance of Insulating MaterialsB
    D495High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical InsulationB
    D1666Conducting Machining Tests of Wood and Wood-Base MaterialsC
    D1761Mechanical Fasteners in WoodC
    E72Conducting Strength Tests of Panels for Building ConstructionD
    E84Surface Burning Characteristics of Building MaterialsD
    E90Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building PartitionsA
    E96Water Vapor Transmission of MaterialsA
    E97Directional Reflectance Factor, 45-deg 0-deg, of Opaque Specimens by Broad-Band Filter ReflectometryE
    E119Fire Tests of Building Construction and MaterialsD
    E136Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°CD
    E152Fire Tests of Door AssembliesD
    E162Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy SourceD
    E661Performance of Wood and Wood-Based Floor and Roof Sheathing Under Concentrated Static and Impact LoadsD
    E662Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid MaterialsD
    E906Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Prod-
    uctsD

    A Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.06.

    B Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 10.01.

    C Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.10.

    D Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.07.

    E Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.02.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C273 Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials

    D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber

    D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading

    D1554 Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    D2395 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    D2915 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products

    D3043 Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure

    D3501 Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression

    D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 79.040 (Wood, sawlogs and sawn timber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D1037-12

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