Significance and Use
These test methods cover small-specimen tests for wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are made to provide:
Data for comparing the mechanical and physical properties of various materials,
Data for determining the influence on the basic properties of such factors as raw material and processing variables, post-treatments of panels, and environmental influences, and
Data for manufacturing control, product research and development, and specification acceptance.
Not all the tests outlined in these test methods may be necessary to evaluate any particular panel for any specified use. In each instance, therefore, it will be necessary to determine which tests shall be made.
1.1 Part AGeneral Test Methods for Evaluating the Basic Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials. These test methods cover the determination of the properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are produced as mat-formed panels such as particleboard, medium-density fiberboard, hardboard, and oriented strand board.
|Significance and Use||3|
|Moisture Content and Conditioning Requirements||6|
|Size, Physical Properties and Appearance of Panels||8|
|Tension Parallel to Surface||10|
|Tension Perpendicular to Surface||11|
|Compression Parallel to Surface||12|
|Fastener Holding Tests:|
| Lateral Nail Resistance||13|
| Nail Withdrawal||14|
| Nail-Head Pull-Through||15|
| Direct Screw Withdrawal||16|
|Shear in the Plane of the Panel||19|
|Glue-Line Shear (Block Type)||20|
|Falling Ball Impact||21|
|Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester||22|
| Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling||23|
| Linear Expansion with Change in Moisture Content||24|
|Cupping and Twisting||25|
1.2 Part BAcceptance and Specification Test Methods for Hardboard. The methods for Part B provide test procedures for measuring the following properties of hardboard:
|Modulus of Rupture||33|
|Tension Strength Parallel to Surface||34|
|Tension Strength Perpendicular to Surface||35|
|Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling||36|
|Moisture Content and Specific Gravity||37|
1.3 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents are approximate in many cases. 1 in. = 25.4 mm, 1 lbf = 4.45 N.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
TABLE 1 Basic Test Procedures for Evaluating Properties of Wood Base-Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
|Test Methods for|
| C177||Steady-State Heat-Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate ApparatusA|
| C209||Cellulosic Fiber Insulating BoardA|
| C236||Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of the Guarded Hot BoxA|
| C384||Impedance and Absorption of Acoustical Materials by the Imped-|
ance Tube MethodA
| C423||Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Re-|
verberation Room MethodA
| D149||Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Elec-|
trical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power FrequenciesB
| D150||A-C Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating MaterialsB|
| D257||D-C Resistance or Conductance of Insulating MaterialsB|
| D495||High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical InsulationB|
| D1666||Conducting Machining Tests of Wood and Wood-Base MaterialsC|
| D1761||Mechanical Fasteners in WoodC|
| E72||Conducting Strength Tests of Panels for Building ConstructionD|
| E84||Surface Burning Characteristics of Building MaterialsD|
| E90||Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building PartitionsA|
| E96||Water Vapor Transmission of MaterialsA|
| E97||Directional Reflectance Factor, 45-deg 0-deg, of Opaque Specimens by Broad-Band Filter ReflectometryE|
| E119||Fire Tests of Building Construction and MaterialsD|
| E136||Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°CD|
| E152||Fire Tests of Door AssembliesD|
| E162||Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy SourceD|
| E661||Performance of Wood and Wood-Based Floor and Roof Sheathing Under Concentrated Static and Impact LoadsD|
| E662||Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid MaterialsD|
| E906||Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Prod-|
A Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.06.
B Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 10.01.
C Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.10.
D Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.07.
E Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.02.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C273 Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials
D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
D1554 Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
D2395 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
D2915 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
D3043 Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure
D3501 Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
hardboard; medium density fiberboard; oriented strand board; panels; particleboard; particle panel materials; wood; wood-base fiber; wood-base panel;
ICS Number Code 79.040 (Wood, sawlogs and sawn timber)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]