Active Standard ASTM C87 / C87M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.20
Book of Standards Volume: 04.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
This test method is of significance in making a final determination of the acceptability of fine aggregates with respect to the requirements of Specification C33 concerning organic impurities.
This test method is applicable to those samples which, when tested in accordance with Test Method C40, have produced a supernatant liquid with a color darker than standard color plate No. 3 or color solution.
Many specifications provide for the acceptance of fine aggregate producing a darker color in the Test Method C40 test, when testing by this test method indicates the strength of the mortar cubes prepared with the unwashed fine aggregate is comparable to the strength of mortar cubes made with the washed fine aggregate.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the effect on mortar strength of the organic impurities in fine aggregate, whose presence is indicated using Test Method C40. Comparison is made between compressive strengths of mortar made with washed and unwashed fine aggregate.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Some values have only SI units because the inch-pound equivalents are not used in the practice.
Note 1—Sieve size is identified by its standard designation in Specification E11. The alternative designation given in parentheses is for information only and does not represent a different standard sieve size
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.(Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitous mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to exposed skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.)
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C33 Specification for Concrete Aggregates
C40 Test Method for Organic Impurities in Fine Aggregates for Concrete
C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)
C128 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Fine Aggregate
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C230/C230M Specification for Flow Table for Use in Tests of Hydraulic Cement
C305 Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency
C511 Specification for Mixing Rooms, Moist Cabinets, Moist Rooms, and Water Storage Tanks Used in the Testing of Hydraulic Cements and Concretes
C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials
C702 Practice for Reducing Samples of Aggregate to Testing Size
D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates
D3665 Practice for Random Sampling of Construction Materials
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
ICS Number Code 91.100.10 (Cement. Gypsum. Lime. Mortar)
UNSPSC Code 30111504(Mortars); 30111800(Aggregates)