Significance and Use
5.1 This test method is applicable to assess the in-place uniformity of concrete, to delineate variations in concrete quality throughout a structure, and to estimate in-place strength if a correlation is developed in accordance with 5.4.
5.2 For a given concrete mixture, the rebound number is affected by factors such as moisture content of the test surface, the type of form material or type of finishing used in construction of the surface to be tested, vertical distance from the bottom of a concrete placement, and the depth of carbonation. These factors need to be considered in interpreting rebound numbers.
5.3 Different instruments of the same nominal design may give rebound numbers differing from 1 to 3 units. Therefore, tests should be made with the same instrument in order to compare results. If more than one instrument is to be used, perform comparative tests on a range of typical concrete surfaces so as to determine the magnitude of the differences to be expected in the readings of different instruments.
5.4 Relationships between rebound number and concrete strength that are provided by instrument manufacturers shall be used only to provide indications of relative concrete strength at different locations in a structure. To use this test method to estimate strength, it is necessary to establish a relationship between strength and rebound number for a given concrete and given apparatus (see Note 1). Establish the relationship by correlating rebound numbers measured on the structure with the measured strengths of cores taken from corresponding locations (see Note 2). At least two replicate cores shall be taken from at least six locations with different rebound numbers. Select test locations so that a wide range of rebound numbers in the structure is obtained. Obtain, prepare, and test cores in accordance with Test Method C42/C42M. If the rebound number if affected by the orientation of the instrument during testing, the strength relationship is applicable for the same orientation as used to obtain the correlation date (see Note 3). Locations where strengths are to be estimated using the developed correlation shall have similar surface texture and shall have been exposed to similar conditions as the locations where correlation cores were taken. The functionality of the rebound hammer shall have been verified in accordance with 6.4 before making the correlation measurements.
—See ACI 228.1R for additional information on developing the relationship and on using the relationship to estimate in-place strength.
—The use of molded test specimens to develop a correlation may not provide a reliable relationship because the surface texture and depth of carbonation of molded specimens are not usually representative of the in-place concrete.
—The use of correction factors to account for instrument orientation may reduce the reliability of strength estimates if the correlation is developed for a different orientation than used for testing.
5.5 This test method is not suitable as the basis for acceptance or rejection of concrete.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of a rebound number of hardened concrete using a spring-driven steel hammer.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C42/C42M Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete
C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
concrete; in-place strength; nondestructive testing; rebound hammer; rebound number;
ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]