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This specification covers mineral fiber block and board thermal insulation. Mineral fiber board insulation covered by this specification shall be classified into types and categories; category 1 - no compressive resistance properties are required, category 2 - minimum compressive resistance properties are required, type V, grade A - requires no heat-up schedule, type V, grade B - heat-up schedule is required. Mineral fiber block and semi-rigid and rigid board insulation shall be composed of rock, slag, or glass processed from the molten state into fibrous form and bonded with organic or inorganic binders or both. A detectable odor of objectionable nature recorded by more than two of five panel members shall constitute rejection. When tested and evaluated, the corrosion resulting from insulation in contact with steel plates shall be judged to be no greater than for comparative plates in contact with sterile cotton. When tested and evaluated at its delivered thickness, all mineral fiber (rock, slag, and glass) board and block must qualify to be semi-rigid or rigid. When tested, the board and block insulation shall not warp, flame, or glow during hot surface exposure. When tested, the midpoint temperature shall not at any time exceed the hot surface temperature by more than 200°F (111°C). Determine the thermal conductivity as a function of temperature for the representative specimens with data obtained from a series of thermal tests. The compressive resistance, linear shrinkage, water vapour sorption, odor emission, and rigidity or semi-rigidity shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers the classification, composition, dimension, and physical properties of mineral fiber (rock, slag, or glass) semi-rigid and rigid board intended for the use as thermal insulation on surfaces operating at temperatures between 0°F (-18°C) and 1800°F (982°C). For specific applications, the actual temperature limits shall be agreed upon between the supplier and the purchaser.
1.2 For satisfactory performance, properly installed protective vapor retarder or barriers shall be used on below ambient temperature applications to reduce movement of water through or around the insulation towards the colder surface. Failure to use a vapor retarder or barrier can lead to insulation and system damage. Refer to Practice C921 to aid material selection. Although vapor retarder properties are not part of this specification, properties required in Specification C1136 are pertinent to applications or performance.
1.3 The orientation of the fibers within the boards is primarily parallel to the principal surface (face). This specification does not cover fabricated pipe and tank wrap insulation where the insulation has been cut and fabricated to provide a fiber orientation that is perpendicular to the surface (face).
1.4 This standard does not purport to provide the performance requirements of hourly-rated fire systems. Consult the manufacturer for the appropriate system.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C165 Test Method for Measuring Compressive Properties of Thermal Insulations
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
C303 Test Method for Dimensions and Density of Preformed Block and Board-Type Thermal Insulation
C356 Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat
C390 Practice for Sampling and Acceptance of Thermal Insulation Lots
C411 Test Method for Hot-Surface Performance of High-Temperature Thermal Insulation
C447 Practice for Estimating the Maximum Use Temperature of Thermal Insulations
C518 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
C665 Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing
C680 Practice for Estimate of the Heat Gain or Loss and the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Flat, Cylindrical, and Spherical Systems by Use of Computer Programs
C795 Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
C921 Practice for Determining the Properties of Jacketing Materials for Thermal Insulation
C1045 Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions
C1058 Practice for Selecting Temperatures for Evaluating and Reporting Thermal Properties of Thermal Insulation
C1101/C1101M Test Methods for Classifying the Flexibility or Rigidity of Mineral Fiber Blanket and Board Insulation
C1104/C1104M Test Method for Determining the Water Vapor Sorption of Unfaced Mineral Fiber Insulation
C1114 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Thin-Heater Apparatus
C1136 Specification for Flexible, Low Permeance Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
C1304 Test Method for Assessing the Odor Emission of Thermal Insulation Materials
C1335 Test Method for Measuring Non-Fibrous Content of Man-Made Rock and Slag Mineral Fiber Insulation
C1338 Test Method for Determining Fungi Resistance of Insulation Materials and Facings
C1617 Practice for Quantitative Accelerated Laboratory Evaluation of Extraction Solutions Containing Ions Leached from Thermal Insulation on Aqueous Corrosion of Metals
E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
Other Referenced Document
ICS Number Code 91.100.60 (Thermal and sound insulating materials)
UNSPSC Code 30141500(Thermal insulation)