ASTM C585 - 10

    Standard Practice for Inner and Outer Diameters of Thermal Insulation for Nominal Sizes of Pipe and Tubing

    Active Standard ASTM C585 | Developed by Subcommittee: C16.20

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.06


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    Significance and Use

    The purpose of this practice is to ensure satisfactory fit on standard sizes, to accommodate radial expansion of pipes and tubes which are heated after being insulated, and to minimize the number of insulation sizes and thicknesses to be manufactured and stocked.

    While it is possible to manufacturer insulation to these recommended dimensions, exercise care in attempting to nest layers of different materials, or layers supplied by different manufacturers. Individual manufacturing processes will operate at slightly different tolerances. While the product will fit the pipe, it is possible that it will not readily nest as the outer layer between the different materials, or with a different manufacturer, and possibly the same manufacturer. Exercise care to determine these differences before specifying or ordering nesting sizes.

    The wide range of outer diameter dimensional tolerances will prevent many pipe and tube insulations from nesting for staggered joints or double layered applications, or both unless specified when ordered from the manufacturer, distributor, or fabricator.

    4.4 Dimensions in accordance with this practice do not necessarily permit application of one thickness of pipe insulation over another (Nesting or Simplified Dimensional System) to obtain total thicknesses greater than those manufactured as single layer, or for multilayer application when desired.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice is intended as a dimensional standard for preformed thermal insulation for pipes and tubing.

    1.2 This practice covers insulation supplied in cylindrical sections and lists recommended single layer inner and outer diameters of insulation having nominal wall thicknesses from ½ to 5 in. (13 to 127 mm) to fit over standard sizes of pipe and tubing.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in SI units are provided for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

    C302 Test Method for Density and Dimensions of Preformed Pipe-Covering-Type Thermal Insulation


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 27.220 (Heat recovery. Thermal insulation)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30141500(Thermal insulation)


    DOI: 10.1520/C0585-10

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