Active Standard ASTM C547 | Developed by Subcommittee: C16.20
Book of Standards Volume: 04.06
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers mineral fiber pipe insulation that are formed into hollow cylinders for standard pipe and tubing sizes. The pipe insulation may be molded or precision v-grooved with one or more walls split longitudinally and used up to a specified temperature. The materials are classified into five types according to the processing method used to form the material and the operating temperatures and into two grades according to heating requirements. The mineral fiber insulation should be manufactured from molten mineral substances such as rock, slag, or glass and processed into fibrous form using a binder, and adhesives when preferred. All products should conform to the required values of hot surface performance, non-fibrous content, use temperature, sag resistance, linear shrinkage, water vapor sorption, surface-burning characteristics, apparent thermal conductivity, and mean temperature.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers mineral fiber insulation produced to form hollow cylinders for standard pipe and tubing sizes. The mineral fiber pipe insulation may be molded or precision v-grooved, with one or more walls split longitudinally for use on pipe temperatures up to 1400°F (760°C).
1.2 For satisfactory performance, properly installed protective vapor retarders or barriers should be used on sub-ambient temperature applications to reduce movement of moisture through or around the insulation to the colder surface. Failure to use a vapor barrier can lead to insulation and system damage. Refer to Practice C921 to aid material selection.
1.3 Flexible mineral fiber wrap products such as perpendicular-oriented fiber insulation rolls, non-precision or manually scored block or board, or flexible boards or blankets used as pipe insulation, are not covered by this specification.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5 For Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) acceptance, materials must also comply with Supplemental Requirements. See Annex A1 of this standard.
1.6 The following safety hazards caveat applies to the test methods portion, Section 11, only: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C167 Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Blanket or Batt Thermal Insulations
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
C302 Test Method for Density and Dimensions of Preformed Pipe-Covering-Type Thermal Insulation
C335 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Pipe Insulation
C356 Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat
C390 Practice for Sampling and Acceptance of Thermal Insulation Lots
C411 Test Method for Hot-Surface Performance of High-Temperature Thermal Insulation
C447 Practice for Estimating the Maximum Use Temperature of Thermal Insulations
C585 Practice for Inner and Outer Diameters of Thermal Insulation for Nominal Sizes of Pipe and Tubing
C612 Specification for Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation
C795 Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
C921 Practice for Determining the Properties of Jacketing Materials for Thermal Insulation
C1045 Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions
C1058 Practice for Selecting Temperatures for Evaluating and Reporting Thermal Properties of Thermal Insulation
C1104/C1104M Test Method for Determining the Water Vapor Sorption of Unfaced Mineral Fiber Insulation
E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
Other StandardsCAN/ULC-S102 Standard Method of Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies Available from Underwriters Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario MIR3A9.
ICS Number Code 91.100.60 (Thermal and sound insulating materials)