ASTM C448 - 88(2011)e1

    Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Porcelain Enamels

    Active Standard ASTM C448 | Developed by Subcommittee: B08.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.05


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    Significance and Use

    When a porcelain enamel is first subjected to abrasion of the type involved in these tests, the rate of wear or attrition is relatively low. As the enamel is subjected to continued abrasion, the rate of wear increases until it reaches a steady value. Thereafter, the rate of wear remains almost constant until the enamel is penetrated and the underlying ground coat or metal exposed. The abrasion that occurs during the period of increasing rate-of-weight loss is defined as surface abrasion and results in reduced gloss and cleanability with high-gloss enamels and a modification of color, appearance, or surface texture, or combination thereof with low-gloss enamels. The abrasion that occurs during the period of steady rate-of-weight loss is defined as subsurface abrasion and results in the destruction of the continuity of the coating. These two types of abrasion are not necessarily proportional, and since it is desirable to be able to determine the resistance of porcelain enamel to both types of abrasion, it is necessary to deal with each one separately.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover determination of the resistance of porcelain enamels to surface abrasion and subsurface abrasion.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C346 Test Method for 45-deg Specular Gloss of Ceramic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.220.50 (Enamels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/C0448-88R11E01

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