ASTM C403 / C403M - 08

    Standard Test Method for Time of Setting of Concrete Mixtures by Penetration Resistance

    Active Standard ASTM C403 / C403M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.23

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.02


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    Significance and Use

    Since the setting of concrete is a gradual process, any definition of time of setting must necessarily be arbitrary. In this test method, the times required for the mortar to reach specified values of resistance to penetration are used to define times of setting.

    This test method can be used to determine the effects of variables, such as water content; brand, type and amount of cementitious material; or admixtures, upon the time of setting of concrete. This test method may also be used to determine compliance with specified time-of-setting requirements.

    This test method may also be applied to prepared mortars and grouts. However, when the setting time of concrete is desired, the test shall be performed on mortar sieved from the concrete mixture and not on a prepared mortar intended to simulate the mortar fraction of the concrete; it has been shown that the initial and final setting times may be increased when using the prepared mortar.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the time of setting of concrete, with slump greater than zero, by means of penetration resistance measurements on mortar sieved from the concrete mixture.

    1.2 This test method is suitable for use only when tests of the mortar fraction will provide the information required.

    1.3 This test method may also be applied to prepared mortars and grouts.

    1.4 This test method is applicable under controlled laboratory conditions, as well as under field conditions.

    1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

    C143/C143M Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete

    C172 Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete

    C173/C173M Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Volumetric Method

    C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory

    C231 Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    D1558 Test Method for Moisture Content Penetration Resistance Relationships of Fine-Grained Soils

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves

    E2251 Specification for Liquid-in-Glass ASTM Thermometers with Low-Hazard Precision Liquids


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111500(Concrete and mortars)


    DOI: 10.1520/C0403_C0403M-08

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