ASTM C29 / C29M - 09

    Standard Test Method for Bulk Density ("Unit Weight") and Voids in Aggregate

    Active Standard ASTM C29 / C29M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.20

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.02


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    ASTM C29 / C29M

    Significance and Use

    This test method is often used to determine bulk density values that are necessary for use for many methods of selecting proportions for concrete mixtures.

    The bulk density also may be used for determining mass/volume relationships for conversions in purchase agreements. However, the relationship between degree of compaction of aggregates in a hauling unit or stockpile and that achieved in this test method is unknown. Further, aggregates in hauling units and stockpiles usually contain absorbed and surface moisture (the latter affecting bulking), while this test method determines the bulk density on a dry basis.

    A procedure is included for computing the percentage of voids between the aggregate particles based on the bulk density determined by this test method.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of bulk density (unit weight) of aggregate in a compacted or loose condition, and calculated voids between particles in fine, coarse, or mixed aggregates based on the same determination. This test method is applicable to aggregates not exceeding 125 mm [5 in.] in nominal maximum size.

    Note 1—Unit weight is the traditional terminology used to describe the property determined by this test method, which is weight per unit volume (more correctly, mass per unit volume or density).

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard, as appropriate for a specification with which this test method is used. An exception is with regard to sieve sizes and nominal size of aggregate, in which the SI values are the standard as stated in Specification E11. Within the text, inch-pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

    C127 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate

    C128 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Fine Aggregate

    C138/C138M Test Method for Density (Unit Weight), Yield, and Air Content (Gravimetric) of Concrete

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    C702 Practice for Reducing Samples of Aggregate to Testing Size

    D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.060 (Mechanical testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111800(Aggregates)


    DOI: 10.1520/C0029_C0029M-09

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