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Significance and Use
Density is a fundamental physical property that can be used in conjunction with other properties to characterize the sandwich core. Most sandwich core structural properties, such as strength and stiffness, are proportional to the density.
This test method provides a standard method of obtaining sandwich core density data for design properties, material specifications, research and development applications, and quality assurance.
Factors that influence the density and shall therefore be reported include the following: core material, methods of material fabrication, core geometry (nominal cell size), specimen geometry, specimen preparation, methods of weight and dimensional measurement, specimen conditioning, and moisture content during weight and dimensional measurements.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density of sandwich construction core materials. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb).
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.2.1 Within the text the inch-pound units are shown in brackets.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C274 Terminology of Structural Sandwich Constructions
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials
D5229/D5229M Test Method for Moisture Absorption Properties and Equilibrium Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
E171 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Flexible Barrier Packaging
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E1309 Guide for Identification of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials in Databases
E1434 Guide for Recording Mechanical Test Data of Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials in Databases
E1471 Guide for Identification of Fibers, Fillers, and Core Materials in Computerized Material Property Databases
ICS Number Code 83.120 (Reinforced plastics)
ASTM C271 / C271M-11, Standard Test Method for Density of Sandwich Core Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top