Significance and Use
Excess soluble sulfate ions in hardened cement can result in reduced durability. This test method is intended to show whether calcium sulfate has been used in cement in such amount to leave excess soluble sulfate in hardened mortar. The test method is used to establish compliance in Specification C 595 for those cements in which optimized SO3 exceeds the table limit. This test method also can provide useful information on other hydraulic cements, such as those specified in Specifications C 150 and C 1157.
When this test method is used in conjunction with Test Method C 563, use the appropriate age of test specimens (24 h, 3 days, or 7 days) to coincide with the age of specimens used in Test Method C 563.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of water-extractable SO3 in hardened hydraulic cement mortar. This measurement is assumed to represent unreacted, available sulfate remaining in the mortar.
1.1.1 Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 Values in SI units were obtained by measurement in SI units or by appropriate conversion using the Rules for Conversion and Rounding given in IEEE/ASTM SI-10 Standard of measurements made in other units.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)
C114 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C219 Terminology Relating to Hydraulic Cement
C305 Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency
C563 Test Method for Approximation of Optimum SO3 in Hydraulic Cement Using Compressive Strength
C595 Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
C778 Specification for Sand
C1157 Performance Specification for Hydraulic Cement
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
hydraulic cement; optimum sulfate content; sulfate; sulfate content; Calcium sulfate (CaSO4); Cement mortars; Hydraulic cement concrete; Sulfur trioxide (SO3); Water-extractable matter/processing
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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