Significance and Use
5.1 Uranium hexafluoride is normally produced and handled in large (typically 1 to 14-ton) quantities and must, therefore, be characterized by reference to representative samples (see ISO/DIS 7195). The samples are used to determine compliance with the applicable commercial specifications C996 and C787. The quantities involved, physical properties, chemical reactivity, and hazardous nature of UF6 are such that for representative sampling, specially designed equipment must be used and operated in accordance with the most carefully controlled and stringent procedures. This practice can be used by UF6 converters, enrichers, and fuel fabricators to review the effectiveness of existing procedures or as a guide to the design of equipment and procedures for future use.
5.2 The intention of this practice is to avoid liquid UF6 sampling once the cylinder has been filled. For safety reasons, manipulation of large quantities of liquid UF6 should be avoided when possible.
5.3 It is emphasized that this practice is not meant to address conventional or nuclear criticality safety issues.
1.1 This practice covers methods for withdrawing representative sample(s) of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) during a transfer occurring in the gas phase. Such transfer in the gas phase can take place from a mother cylinder, for example in an autoclave to a receiving cylinder. It can also occur during the filling in the gas phase of a cylinder during a continuous production process, for example centrifuge enrichment facility or the distillation column in a conversion facility. Such sample(s) may be used for determining compliance with the applicable commercial specification, for example Specification C996 or Specification C787.
1.2 Since UF6 sampling is taken during the filling process, this practice does not address any special additional arrangements that may be agreed upon between the buyer and the seller when the sampled bulk material is being added to residues already present in a container (“heels recycle”). Such arrangements will be based on QA procedures such as traceability of cylinder origin (to prevent for example contamination with irradiated material).
1.3 If the receiving cylinder is purged after filling and sampling, special verifications must be performed by the user to verify the representativity of the sample(s). It is then expected that the results found on volatile impurities with gas phase sampling may be conservative.
1.4 This practice is only applicable when the transfer occurs in the gas phase. When the transfer is performed in the liquid phase, Practice C1052 should apply. This practice does not apply to gas sampling after the cylinder has been filled since the sample taken will not be representative of the cylinder.
1.5 The scope of this practice does not include provisions for preventing criticality incidents.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C761 Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, Spectrochemical, Nuclear, and Radiochemical Analysis of Uranium Hexafluoride
C787 Specification for Uranium Hexafluoride for Enrichment
C996 Specification for Uranium Hexafluoride Enriched to Less Than 5 % 235U
C1052 Practice for Bulk Sampling of Liquid Uranium Hexafluoride
ISO/DIS7195 Packaging of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6) for Transport Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
bulk sampling; nuclear material; uranium hexafluoride;
ICS Number Code 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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