Significance and Use
Heat flow meter apparatus are being used to measure the center-of-panel portion of a vacuum insulation panel, which typically has a very high value of thermal resistivity (that is, equal to or greater than 90 m-K/W). As described in Specification C 1484, the center-of-panel thermal resistivity is used, along with the panel geometry and barrier material thermal conductivity, to determine the effective thermal resistance of the evacuated panel.
Using a heat flow meter apparatus to measure the thermal resistivity of non-homogenous and high thermal resistance specimens is a non-standard application of the equipment, and shall only be performed by qualified personnel with understanding of heat transfer and error propagation. Familiarity with the configuration of both the apparatus and the vacuum panel is necessary.
The center-of-panel thermal transmission properties of evacuated panels vary due to the composition of the materials of construction, mean temperature and temperature difference, and the prior history. The selection of representative values for the thermal transmission properties of an evacuated panel for a particular application must be based on a consideration of these factors and will not apply necessarily without modification to all service conditions.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of steady-state thermal transmission through the center of a flat rectangular vacuum insulation panel using a heat flow meter apparatus.
1.2 Total heat transfer through the non-homogenous geometry of a vacuum insulation panel requires the determination of several factors, as discussed in Specification C 1484. One of those factors is the center-of-panel thermal resistivity. The center-of-panel thermal resistivity is an approximation of the thermal resistivity of the core evacuated region.
1.3 This test method is based upon the technology of Test Method C 518 but includes modifications for vacuum panel applications as outlined in this test method.
1.4 This test method shall be used in conjunction with Practice C 1045 and Practice C 1058.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C518 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
C740 Practice for Evacuated Reflective Insulation In Cryogenic Service
C1045 Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions
C1058 Practice for Selecting Temperatures for Evaluating and Reporting Thermal Properties of Thermal Insulation
C1484 Specification for Vacuum Insulation Panels
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
effective thermal resistance (effective R-value); thermal conductivity; thermal resistance; vacuum insulation panel; Heat flow; Heat flow meter method; Thermal resistance/resistivity; Vacuum panels;
ICS Number Code 91.060.10 (Walls. Partitions. Facades)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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