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Significance and Use
4.1 This practice provides standard requirements for proportioning concrete, and for preparing and conditioning test specimens suitable for evaluating the durability of coarse aggregate in air-entrained concrete subjected to freezing and thawing in accordance with Test Method .
4.2 Concrete having an adequate air-void system may not be resistant to freezing and thawing if it contains coarse aggregate that becomes critically saturated. An aggregate particle is considered to be critically saturated when there is insufficient unfilled pore space to accommodate the expansion of water that accompanies the freezing.
1.1 This practice covers procedures for making and curing test specimens for evaluating resistance of normal-weight coarse aggregates to freezing and thawing in air-entrained concrete in accordance with Test Method , Procedure A or B.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 This practice does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged use.)
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C33 Specification for Concrete Aggregates
C39/C39M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
C143/C143M Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C173/C173M Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Volumetric Method
C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
C231 Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method
C490 Practice for Use of Apparatus for the Determination of Length Change of Hardened Cement Paste, Mortar, and Concrete
C494/C494M Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete
C666/C666M Test Method for Resistance of Concrete to Rapid Freezing and Thawing
D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates
ACI Standard211.1 Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass Concrete
ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)
UNSPSC Code 30111800(Aggregates)
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ASTM C1646 / C1646M-16, Standard Practice for Making and Curing Test Specimens for Evaluating Resistance of Coarse Aggregate to Freezing and Thawing in Air-Entrained Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top