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Significance and Use
5.1 This is a quality control test performed at the manufacturing plant to establish that the finished, shippable pipe meets the leakage limits stated in the specifications.
1.1 This test method covers procedures for testing of precast concrete pipe sections, prior to delivery, where maximum field leakage rates are specified.
1.2 Tests described in this standard are intended to be used at the point of manufacture of the concrete pipe and are not intended for testing installed pipe (for field tests see Practices C924, C969, and C1214). The user of this specification is advised that individual or multiple pipe sections may be tested for the purpose of testing the pipe barrel and additionally the joints in straight alignment when multiple pipe sections are tested.
1.3 Test times are based on leakage rates and therefore are proportional only to the pipe diameter and are constant for any length of test pipe or pipeline.
1.4 Test times tabulated and the rate of air loss in this standard are based on successful testing of installed pipelines. However, since air and water have different physical properties, retests of some pipelines not meeting field air tests have been successful when tested with water. The leakage rates of 0.0017 CFM/ft2 and 0.0003 CFM/ft2, were determined empirically as the maximums for pipe to meet the 50 and 200 gal/(in. of internal diameter) (mile of sewer) (24h) test rates, respectively.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish the appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to its use. See Section 6 for specific safety precautions.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C822 Terminology Relating to Concrete Pipe and Related Products
C924 Practice for Testing Concrete Pipe Sewer Lines by Low-Pressure Air Test Method
C969 Practice for Infiltration and Exfiltration Acceptance Testing of Installed Precast Concrete Pipe Sewer Lines
C1214 Test Method for Concrete Pipe Sewerlines by Negative Air Pressure (Vacuum) Test Method
ICS Number Code 93.030 (External sewerage systems)