ASTM C1564 - 04(2009)

    Standard Guide for Use of Silicone Sealants for Protective Glazing Systems

    Active Standard ASTM C1564 | Developed by Subcommittee: C24.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.07


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    Significance and Use

    Guidelines are provided for the use of silicone sealants in protective glazing. Protective glazing incorporates various forms of glazing that are not covered in Guides C 1401 and C 1193. The requirements for a sealant in protective glazing are similar to the requirements for structural sealant glazing but for certain applications such as missile impact and bomb blast glazing, sealant requirements may be greater. Modes of failure for bomb blast glazing can be different than the modes of failure for missile impact glazing.

    Many types of protective glazing systems are relatively new and the test methods and standards for protective glazing are continually evolving. Because the demands on a sealant in protective glazing systems are changing, guidelines are necessarily general in many instances.

    As a component of a glazing system, the sealant can be a factor in whether a glazing system meets the requirements of a specific test method but other factors such as the frame and glass type may be of greater influence.

    The designer of a protective glazing system should consult with the various manufacturers of the component materials. The experience and judgment of the glazing system designer working with the sealant manufacturer and other component manufacturers can ultimately determine whether a specific glazing system will successfully meet a specific test requirement.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers the use of silicone sealants in protective glazing systems for building construction. Protective glazing includes systems designed for use in applications subject to natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes, windstorms and forms of forced entry such as blasts, burglary, and ballistic attack.

    1.2 While other glazing accessories and components are used in protective glazing, this document specifically describes the use of silicone sealants for protective glazing systems.

    1.3 This guide provides information useful to design professionals, architects, manufacturers, installers, and others for the design and installation of silicone sealants for protective glazing systems.

    1.4 A silicone sealant is only one component of a glazing system. A glazing system that meets the testing and code requirement for impact glazing must successfully integrate the frame and its anchorage, glass, or other glazing materials, protective film or interlayer and silicone sealant into a high performance system. Compliance with code or other requirements can be determined through physical testing of the glazing system or through computer simulation.

    1.5 Glazing systems using silicone sealants that have successfully met the test requirements for missile impact and bomb blast test requirements incorporate the use of silicone sealants specifically formulated, tested, and marketed for this application. Sealants that are commonly used today comply with Specifications C 920 and C 1184.

    1.6 This guide does not discuss sealants intended to protect against radioactivity or provide biological containment.

    1.7 The committee with jurisdiction over this standard is not aware of any comparable standards published by other organizations.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants

    C719 Test Method for Adhesion and Cohesion of Elastomeric Joint Sealants Under Cyclic Movement (Hockman Cycle)

    C794 Test Method for Adhesion-in-Peel of Elastomeric Joint Sealants

    C920 Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants

    C1087 Test Method for Determining Compatibility of Liquid-Applied Sealants with Accessories Used in Structural Glazing Systems

    C1135 Test Method for Determining Tensile Adhesion Properties of Structural Sealants

    C1184 Specification for Structural Silicone Sealants

    C1193 Guide for Use of Joint Sealants

    C1394 Guide for In-Situ Structural Silicone Glazing Evaluation

    C1401 Guide for Structural Sealant Glazing

    C1472 Guide for Calculating Movement and Other Effects When Establishing Sealant Joint Width

    D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E1886 Test Method for Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, Doors, and Impact Protective Systems Impacted by Missile(s) and Exposed to Cyclic Pressure Differentials

    F1642 Test Method for Glazing and Glazing Systems Subject to Airblast Loadings

    GSA Standard

    USGeneralServicesAdm Standard Test Method for Glazing and Window Systems Subject to Dynamic Overpressure Loading U.S. General Services Administration (GSA), 1800 F Street, NW Washington, DC 20405


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.100.55 (Silicones)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31133710(Silicone sealant)


    DOI: 10.1520/C1564-04R09

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