Active Standard ASTM C148 | Developed by Subcommittee: C14.07
Book of Standards Volume: 15.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
These two test methods are provided for evaluating the quality of annealing. These test methods can be used in the quality control of glass containers or other products made of similar glass compositions, where the degree of annealing must be verified to ensure quality products. These test methods apply to glass containers manufactured from commercial soda-lime-silica glass compositions.
1.1 These test methods describe the determination of relative optical retardation associated with the state of anneal of glass containers. Two alternative test methods are covered as follows:
|Test Method A|
Standards Using a Polariscope
|6 to 9|
|Test Method B||10 to 12|
1.2 Test Method A is useful in determining retardations less than 150 nm, while Test Method B is useful in determining retardations less than 565 nm.
Note 1—The apparent temper number as determined by these test methods depends primarily on (1) the magnitude and distribution of the residual stress in the glass, (2) the thickness of the glass (optical path length at the point of grading), and ( 3) the composition of the glass. For all usual soda-lime silica bottle glass compositions, the effect of the composition is negligible. In an examination of the bottom of a container, the thickness of glass may be taken into account by use of the following formula, which defines a real temper number, TR, in terms of the apparent temper number, TA, and the bottom thickness, t:
TR = TA (0.160/t)
where t is in inches, or
TR = TA (4.06/t)
where t is in millimetres.
This thickness should be measured at the location of the maximum apparent retardation. Interpretation of either real or apparent temper number requires practical experience with the particular ware being evaluated.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C162 Terminology of Glass and Glass Products
C224 Practice for Sampling Glass Containers
C1426 Practices for Verification and Calibration of Polarimeters
ICS Number Code 81.040.30 (Glass products)