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These practices cover three standard technique for dissolving glass samples containing radioactive, nuclear, and mixed wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides. The practices for dissolving silicate matrix samples each require the sample to be initially dried and ground to a fine powder. The first practice involves the mixing and fusion of the sample with sodium tetraborate (Na2B4O7) and sodium carbonate (Na2CO4) in a muffle for a given amount of time and temperature. The sample is then cooled, dissolved in hydrochloric acid, and diluted to appropriate volume for analyses. The second practice, on the other hand, involves the fusion of the sample with potassium hydroxide (KOH) or sodium peroxide (Na2O2) using an electric bunsen burner, dissolving the fused sample in water and dilute HCl, and making to volume for analyses. Finally, the third practice involves the dissolution of the sample using a microwave oven. The ground sample is digested in a microwave oven using a mixture of hydrofluoric (HF) and nitric (HNO3) acids. Boric acid is added to the resulting solution to complex excess fluoride ions.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 These practices cover techniques suitable for dissolving glass samples that may contain nuclear wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides.
1.6 These practices are introduced to provide the user with an alternative means to Test Methods C169 for dissolution of waste containing glass in shielded facilities. Test Methods C169 is not practical for use in such facilities and with radioactive materials.
1.7 The ICP-AES methods in Test Methods C1109 and C1111 can be used to analyze the dissolved sample with additional sample preparation as necessary and with matrix effect considerations. Additional information as to other analytical methods can be found in Test Method C169.
1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Sections 10, 20, and 30.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C169 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass
C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials
C1109 Practice for Analysis of Aqueous Leachates from Nuclear Waste Materials Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
C1111 Test Method for Determining Elements in Waste Streams by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
C1220 Test Method for Static Leaching of Monolithic Waste Forms for Disposal of Radioactive Waste
C1285 Test Methods for Determining Chemical Durability of Nuclear, Hazardous, and Mixed Waste Glasses and Multiphase Glass Ceramics: The Product Consistency Test (PCT)
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
ICS Number Code 13.030.30 (Special wastes)
UNSPSC Code 11141605(Glass waste or scrap)