ASTM C1425 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Interlaminar Shear Strength of 1–D and 2–D Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Elevated Temperatures

    Active Standard ASTM C1425 | Developed by Subcommittee: C28.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites are candidate materials for structural applications requiring high degrees of wear and corrosion resistance, and damage tolerance at high temperatures.

    5.2 The 1-D and 2-D CFCCs are highly anisotropic and their transthickness tensile and interlaminar shear strength are lower than their in-plane tensile and in-plane shear strength, respectively.

    5.3 Shear tests provide information on the strength and deformation of materials under shear stresses.

    5.4 This test method may be used for material development, material comparison, quality assurance, characterization, and design data generation.

    5.5 For quality control purposes, results derived from standardized shear test specimens may be considered indicative of the response of the material from which they were taken for given primary processing conditions and post-processing heat treatments.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method addresses the compression of a double-notched test specimen to determine interlaminar shear strength of continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic composites (CFCCs) at elevated temperatures. Failure of the test specimen occurs by interlaminar shear between two centrally located notches machined halfway through the thickness of the test specimen and spaced a fixed distance apart on opposing faces (see Fig. 1). Test specimen preparation methods and requirements, testing modes (force or displacement control), testing rates (force rate or displacement rate), data collection, and reporting procedures are addressed.

    Schematic of Compression of Double-Notched Test Specimen
 for the Determination of Interlaminar Shear Strength of CFCCs
    FIG. 1 Schematic of Compression of Double-Notched Test Specimen for the Determination of Interlaminar Shear Strength of CFCCs

    1.2 This test method is used for testing advanced ceramic or glass matrix composites with continuous fiber reinforcement having a laminated structure such as in unidirectional (1-D) or bidirectional (2-D) fiber architecture (lay-ups of unidirectional plies or stacked fabric). This test method does not address composites with nonlaminated structures, such as (3-D) fiber architecture or discontinuous fiber-reinforced, whisker-reinforced, or particulate-reinforced ceramics.

    1.3 Values expressed in this test method are in accordance with the International System of Units (SI) and IEEE/ASTM SI 10.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are noted in 8.1 and 8.2.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1145 Terminology of Advanced Ceramics

    C1292 Test Method for Shear Strength of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures

    D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics

    D3846 Test Method for In-Plane Shear Strength of Reinforced Plastics

    D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials

    D6856/D6856M Guide for Testing Fabric-Reinforced Textile Composite Materials

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    E220 Test Method for Calibration of Thermocouples By Comparison Techniques

    E230 Specification and Temperature-Electromotive Force (EMF) Tables for Standardized Thermocouples

    E337 Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a Psychrometer (the Measurement of Wet- and Dry-Bulb Temperatures)

    IEEE/ASTMSI 10 American National Standard for Use of the International System of Units (SI): The Modern Metric System


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 81.060.30 (Advanced ceramics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/C1425-13

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