Significance and Use
Uranium and plutonium are used in nuclear reactor fuel and must be analyzed to insure that they meet certain criteria for isotopic composition as described in Specification C 833 and Specification C 1008. This standard practice is used to chemically separate the same mass peak interferences from uranium and plutonium and from other impurities prior to isotopic abundance determination by thermal ionization mass spectrometry.
In those facilities where perchloric acid use is tolerated, the separation in Test Method C 698 may be used prior to isotopic abundance determination. Uranium and plutonium concentrations as well as isotopic abundances using thermal ionization mass spectrometry can be determined using this separation and following Test Method C 1625.
1.1 This practice is for the ion exchange separation of uranium and plutonium from each other and from other impurities for subsequent isotopic analysis by thermal ionization mass spectrometry. Plutonium–238 and uranium–238, and plutonium–241 and americium–241, will appear as the same mass peak and must be chemically separated prior to analysis. Only high purity solutions can be analyzed reliably using thermal ionization mass spectrometry.
1.2 This standard may involve hazardous material, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C698 Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, and Spectrochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Mixed Oxides ((U, Pu)O2)
C833 Specification for Sintered (Uranium-Plutonium) Dioxide Pellets
C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials
C1008 Specification for Sintered (Uranium-Plutonium) Dioxide Pellets--Fast Reactor Fuel
C1168 Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Plutonium Materials for Analysis
C1347 Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Uranium Materials for Analysis
C1625 Test Method for Uranium and Plutonium Concentrations and Isotopic Abundances by Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry
ion exchange; mass spectrometry; plutonium; plutonium isotopic analysis; thermal ionization mass spectrometry; uranium; uranium isotopic analysis; Americium-241 (241Am) content; Ion exchange materials/applications; Mass spectrometry--nuclear materials/applications; Plutonium--isotopic analysis; Sample preparation--nuclear materials/applications; Thermal ionization mass spectrometry; Uranium isotopic analysis;
ICS Number Code 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]