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    ASTM C140 / C140M - 15

    Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units

    Active Standard ASTM C140 / C140M | Developed by Subcommittee: C15.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.05


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 These test methods provide general testing requirements for application to a broad range of concrete products. Those general testing requirements are included in the body of this standard.

    Note 2: Consult manufacturer, supplier, product specifications, or other resources for more specific measurement or testing guidelines for those products not addressed with the annex of this standard.

    4.2 These test methods provide specific testing requirements in two distinct sections, the requirements applicable to all units covered by these test methods and those applicable to the specific unit types. The requirements applicable to all units are included in the body of these test methods and those applicable to the specific unit types are included within the annexes.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods provide various testing procedures commonly used for evaluating characteristics of concrete masonry units and related concrete units. Methods are provided for sampling, measurement of dimensions, compressive strength, absorption, unit weight (density), moisture content, flexural load, and ballast weight. Not all methods are applicable to all unit types, however.

    1.2 Specific testing and reporting procedures are included in annexes to these test methods for the following specific unit types:

    Annex A1—Concrete masonry units (Specifications C90, C129)

    Annex A2—Concrete and calcium silicate brick
      (Specifications C55, C73, C1634)

    Annex A3—Segmental retaining wall units (Specification C1372)

    Annex A4—Concrete interlocking paving units
      (Specification C936/C936M)

    Annex A5—Concrete grid paving units (Specification C1319)

    Annex A6—Concrete roof pavers (Specification C1491)

    Annex A7—Dry-cast articulating concrete block
     (Specification D6684)

    1.3 The test procedures included in these test methods are also applicable to other types of units not referenced in these test methods, but specific testing and reporting requirements for those units are not included.

    1.4 These test methods include the following sections:

     

    Section

    Scope            

    1

    Referenced Documents     

    2

    Terminology         

    3

    Significance and Use      

    4

    Sampling           

    5

    Measurement of Dimensions   

    6

    Compressive Strength     

    7

    Absorption          

    8

    Calculations          

    9

    Report            

    10

    Keywords           

    11

    Annexes—Test Procedures

     

    Concrete Masonry Units     

    Annex A1

    Concrete and Calcium Silicate Brick 

    Annex A2

    Segmental Retaining
     Wall Units  

    Annex A3

    Concrete Interlocking Paving Units

    Annex A4

    Concrete Grid Paving
      Units    

    Annex A5

    Concrete Roof Pavers      

    Annex A6

    Dry-Cast Articulating
      Concrete Block

    Annex A7

    Determining Plate Thickness
      Requirements for
      Compression Testing    

    Annex A8

    Worksheet and Test Report for
     Concrete Masonry Units    

    Appendix X1

    Note 1: The testing laboratory performing these test methods should be evaluated in accordance with Practice C1093.

    1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C90 Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units

    C129 Specification for Nonloadbearing Concrete Masonry Units

    C143/C143M Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete

    C1093 Practice for Accreditation of Testing Agencies for Masonry

    C1232 Terminology of Masonry

    C1552 Practice for Capping Concrete Masonry Units, Related Units and Masonry Prisms for Compression Testing


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/C0140_C0140M-15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM C140 / C140M-15, Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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