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Significance and Use
4.1 Specific gamma-ray emitting radionuclides in UF6 are identified and quantified using a high-resolution gamma-ray energy analysis system, which includes a high-resolution germanium detector. This test method shall be used to meet the health and safety specifications of , , and regarding applicable fission products in reprocessed uranium solutions. This test method may also be used to provide information to parties such as conversion facilities on the level of uranium decay products in such materials. Pa-231 is a specific uranium decay product that may be present in uranium ore concentrate and is amenable to analysis by gamma spectrometry.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of gamma energy emitted from fission and decay products in uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and uranyl nitrate solution. It is intended to provide a method for demonstrating compliance with UF6 specifications and , uranyl nitrate specification , and uranium ore concentrate specification .
1.2 The lower limit of detection is 5000 MeV Bq/kg (MeV/kg per second) of uranium and is the square root of the sum of the squares of the individual reporting limits of the nuclides to be measured. The limit of detection was determined on a pure, aged natural uranium (ANU) solution. The value is dependent upon detector efficiency and background.
1.3 The fission product nuclides to be measured are 106Ru/ 106Rh, 103Ru, 137Cs, 144Ce, 144Pr, 141Ce, 95Zr, 95Nb, and 125Sb. Among the uranium decay product nuclides that may be measured is 231Pa. Other gamma energy-emitting fission and uranium decay nuclides present in the spectrum at detectable levels should be identified and quantified as required by the data quality objectives.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C761 Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, Spectrochemical, Nuclear, and Radiochemical Analysis of Uranium Hexafluoride
C787 Specification for Uranium Hexafluoride for Enrichment
C788 Specification for Nuclear-Grade Uranyl Nitrate Solution or Crystals
C967 Specification for Uranium Ore Concentrate
C996 Specification for Uranium Hexafluoride Enriched to Less Than 5 % 235U
C1022 Test Methods for Chemical and Atomic Absorption Analysis of Uranium-Ore Concentrate
D3649 Practice for High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometry of Water
ICS Number Code 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)
UNSPSC Code 15131500(Nuclear fuel)
ASTM C1295-14, Standard Test Method for Gamma Energy Emission from Fission and Decay Products in Uranium Hexafluoride and Uranyl Nitrate Solution, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top