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    ASTM C1268 - 15

    Standard Test Method for Quantitative Determination of 241Am in Plutonium by Gamma-Ray Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM C1268 | Developed by Subcommittee: C26.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 12.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method allows the determination of 241Am in a plutonium solution without separation of the americium from the plutonium. It is generally applicable to any solution containing 241Am.

    5.2 The 241Am in solid plutonium materials may be determined when these materials are dissolved (see Practice C1168).

    5.3 When the plutonium solution contains unacceptable levels of fission products or other materials, this method may be used following a tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) extraction, ion exchange or other similar separation techniques (see Test Methods C758 and C759).

    5.4 This test method is less subject to interferences from plutonium than alpha counting since the energy of the gamma ray used for the analysis is better resolved from other gamma rays than the alpha particle energies used for alpha counting.

    5.5 The minimal sample preparation reduces the amount of sample handling and exposure to the analyst.

    5.6 This test method is applicable only to homogeneous solutions. This test method is not suitable for solutions containing solids.

    5.7 Solutions containing as little as 1 × 10 −5 g/L 241Am may be analyzed using this method. The lower limit depends on the detector used and the counting geometry. Solutions containing high concentrations may be analyzed following an appropriate dilution.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the quantitative determination of 241Am by gamma-ray spectrometry in plutonium nitrate solution samples that do not contain significant amounts of radioactive fission products or other high specific activity gamma-ray emitters.

    1.2 This test method can be used to determine the 241Am in samples of plutonium metal, oxide and other solid forms, when the solid is appropriately sampled and dissolved.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C758 Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, Spectrochemical, Nuclear, and Radiochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Metal

    C759 Test Methods for Chemical, Mass Spectrometric, Spectrochemical, Nuclear, and Radiochemical Analysis of Nuclear-Grade Plutonium Nitrate Solutions

    C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials

    C982 Guide for Selecting Components for Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Systems

    C1009 Guide for Establishing a Quality Assurance Program for Analytical Chemistry Laboratories Within the Nuclear Industry

    C1168 Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Plutonium Materials for Analysis

    E181 Test Methods for Detector Calibration and Analysis of Radionuclides


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12141735(Plutonium Pu); 12141703(Americium Am)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/C1268-15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM C1268-15, Standard Test Method for Quantitative Determination of 241Am in Plutonium by Gamma-Ray Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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