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This specification covers faced or unfaced rigid cellular phenolic thermal insulation. Insulations in the form of boards shall be faced or unfaced, while tubular forms shall be unfaced. This specification does not apply to field expanded cellular phenolic materials. Materials covered by this specification are used as roof insulation; sheathing or rigid board for non-load bearing, building material applications; and pipe insulation for use at specified temperature ranges. Type II Grade 1 and Type III Grade 1 materials with an appropriate vapor retarder covering on the warm surface can be used to a lower temperature limit. The thermal insulation shall be of the following types and grades: Type I, for use as roof insulation board and produced without integral vapor retarder facers; Type II, for use as sheathing or rigid panel for non-load bearing applications and produced with integral vapor retarder facers; Type III, for use as pipe insulation and produced without integral vapor retarder facers; Grade 1, closed cell material; and Grade 2, open cell material. Materials shall be sampled, prepared, tested, and conform accordingly to the following physical properties: density; compressive resistance; tensile strength; apparent thermal conductivity; dimension stability; water absorption; water vapor permeance and permeability; flame spread index; and smoke developed index.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers faced or unfaced, rigid cellular phenolic thermal insulation. Boards shall be faced or unfaced. Tubular forms covered by this standard shall be unfaced. It does not apply to field expanded cellular phenolic materials.
1.2 Materials covered by this specification are used as roof insulation; sheathing or rigid board for non-load bearing, building material applications; and pipe insulation for use between −40 and 257°F (−40 and 125°C). Type II and Type III materials with an appropriate vapor retarder covering on the warm surface are used to a lower temperature limit of −290°F (−180°C). (See 7.3.)
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This specification covers closed cell rigid cellular phenolic thermal insulation manufactured using blowing agents with an ozone depletion potential of 0 (ODP 0).
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
For specific precautionary statements, see Section 16.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C165 Test Method for Measuring Compressive Properties of Thermal Insulations
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
C209 Test Methods for Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board
C335 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Pipe Insulation
C390 Practice for Sampling and Acceptance of Thermal Insulation Lots
C518 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
C550 Test Method for Measuring Trueness and Squareness of Rigid Block and Board Thermal Insulation
C585 Practice for Inner and Outer Diameters of Thermal Insulation for Nominal Sizes of Pipe and Tubing
C921 Practice for Determining the Properties of Jacketing Materials for Thermal Insulation
C1045 Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions
C1058 Practice for Selecting Temperatures for Evaluating and Reporting Thermal Properties of Thermal Insulation
C1303 Test Method for Predicting Long-Term Thermal Resistance of Closed-Cell Foam Insulation
C1363 Test Method for Thermal Performance of Building Materials and Envelope Assemblies by Means of a Hot Box Apparatus
D1621 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
D1622 Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics
D1623 Test Method for Tensile and Tensile Adhesion Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
D2126 Test Method for Response of Rigid Cellular Plastics to Thermal and Humid Aging
D6226 Test Method for Open Cell Content of Rigid Cellular Plastics
E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
ICS Number Code 83.100 (Cellular materials)
UNSPSC Code 30141500(Thermal insulation)