These test methods cover physical testing of quicklime, hydrated lime, and limestone. Plastic property testing shall include test methods for standard consistency and plasticity of lime putty, water retention of hydrated lime, and air entrainment. Soundness testing shall include test methods for autoclave expansion, and popping and pitting of hydrated lime. Application testing shall include test methods for slaking rate of quicklime, dry brightness of pulverized limestone, limestone grindability determination by the laboratory ball mill method, and settling rate of hydrated lime. Particle size analysis shall include test methods for residue and sieve analysis, fineness of pulverized quicklime and hydrated lime by air permeability, particle size of pulverized limestone, and dry screening of hydrated lime, pulverized quicklime, and limestone by air jet sieving. Density measurement shall include the following test methods: apparent loose density, and apparent packed density of hydrated lime, pulverized quicklime, and limestone; specific gravity of hydrated lime products; and wet sieve analysis of agricultural liming materials.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 These test methods cover physical testing of quicklime and hydrated lime, and of limestone not otherwise covered in ASTM standards.
Note 1—Quicklime and hydrated lime have a high affinity for moisture and carbon dioxide. Caution should be taken to protect both hydrated and quicklime during sampling, storage, and testing (see Practice C50).
1.2 The test procedures appear in the following order:
|Air Entrainment ||8|
|Apparent Loose Density of Hydrated Lime, Pulverized|
Quicklime, and Limestone
|Apparent Packed Density of Hydrated Lime, Pulverized|
Quicklime, and Limestone
|Autoclave Expansion of Hydrated Lime || 9|
|Dry Brightness of Pulverized Limestone ||12|
|Dry Screening by Air Jet Sieve ||18|
|Fineness of Pulverized Quicklime and Hydrated Lime by Air|
|Limestone Grindability ||13|
|Particle Size of Pulverized Limestone ||17|
|Plasticity of Lime Putty || 6|
|Popping and Pitting of Hydrated Lime || 10|
|Residue and Sieve Analysis || 15|
|Settling Rate of Hydrated Lime||14|
|Slaking Rate of Quicklime ||11|
|Specific Gravity of Hydrated Lime Products||22|
|Standard Consistency of Lime Putty || 5|
|Water Retention of Hydrated Lime ||7|
|Wet Sieve Analysis of Agricultural Liming Materials||19|
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C28/C28M Specification for Gypsum Plasters
C50 Practice for Sampling, Sample Preparation, Packaging, and Marking of Lime and Limestone Products
C51 Terminology Relating to Lime and Limestone (as used by the Industry)
C91 Specification for Masonry Cement
C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)
C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C185 Test Method for Air Content of Hydraulic Cement Mortar
C188 Test Method for Density of Hydraulic Cement
C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
C204 Test Methods for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by Air-Permeability Apparatus
C207 Specification for Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes
C230/C230M Specification for Flow Table for Use in Tests of Hydraulic Cement
C231 Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method
C305 Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency
C430 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 45-m (No. 325) Sieve
C472 Test Methods for Physical Testing of Gypsum, Gypsum Plasters and Gypsum Concrete
C595 Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials
C702 Practice for Reducing Samples of Aggregate to Testing Size
C778 Specification for Sand
C1005 Specification for Reference Masses and Devices for Determining Mass and Volume for Use in the Physical Testing of Hydraulic Cements
C1107 Specification for Packaged Dry, Hydraulic-Cement Grout (Nonshrink)
D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
accepted reference value; accuracy; apparent density; bias; dry brightness; dry screening; fineness; interlaboratory study; lime putty; limestone grindability; particle size; precision; precision conditions; repeatability; reproducibility; slaking rate; standard deviation: Air entrainment; Autoclave expansion; Acidity, alkalinity, pH; Brightness; Change in length; Consistency; Dry brightness; Expansion--concrete materials/applications; Hydrated lime; Lime putty; Limestone; Optical materials/properties/tests; Plasticity index; Popping and pitting; Quicklime; Residue; Settlement; Sieve analysis--building materials; Slaking rate; Water retention
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