Significance and Use
The rate and uniformity of die cavity filling are related to flow properties, which thus influence production rates and uniformity of compacted parts.
The ability of a powder to flow is a function of interparticle friction. As interparticle friction increases, flow is slowed. Some powders, often fine powders and lubricated powder mixtures, may not flow through the Hall funnel of Test Method B 213.. Nevertheless, if a larger orifice is provided, such as in the Carney funnel, a meaningful flow rate may be determined, providing specific information for certain applications.
Test Method B 213., using the Hall funnel, is the preferred method for determining the flowability of metal powders. The Carney funnel of these test methods should only be used when a powder will not flow through the Hall funnel. These test methods may also be used for comparison of several powders when some flow through the Hall funnel and some do not.
Humidity and moisture content influence flow rate. Wet or moist powders may not flow through either the Hall or the Carney funnel.
These test methods are based on flow of a specific mass of powder. If flow of a specific volume of powder is preferred, Test Method B 855 may be used for powders that flow readily through the Hall funnel.
These test methods may be part of the purchase agreement between powder suppliers and powder metallurgy (PM) part producers, or it can be an internal quality control test by either the supplier or the end user.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of a flow rate, by use of the Carney funnel, of metal powders and powder mixtures that do not readily flow through the Hall funnel of Test Method B 213.
1.2 This is a non-destructive quantitative test performed in the laboratory.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values stated in parentheses are for information only, converted according to IEEE/ASTM Standard SI 10.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B213 Test Methods for Flow Rate of Metal Powders Using the Hall Flowmeter Funnel
B215 Practices for Sampling Metal Powders
B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy
B855 Test Method for Volumetric Flow Rate of Metal Powders Using the Arnold Meter and Hall Flowmeter Funnel
SI10 American National Standard for Use of the International System of Units (SI): The Modern Metric System
Carney Hall; Hall; flow rate; metal powder flow; powder flow; Carney flowmeter funnel; Flow and flow rate--metal powders; Metal powders; Carney flowmeter funnel; Flow and flow rate--metal powders; Metal powders;
ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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