ASTM B963 - 13

    Standard Test Methods for Oil Content, Oil-Impregnation Efficiency, and Interconnected Porosity of Sintered Powder Metallurgy (PM) Products Using Archimedes’ Principle

    Active Standard ASTM B963 | Developed by Subcommittee: B09.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.05


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    ASTM B963

    Significance and Use

    5.1 Oil content values are generally contained in specifications for oil-impregnated PM bearings.

    5.2 The oil-impregnation efficiency provides an indication of how well the as-received parts had been impregnated.

    5.3 The desired self-lubricating performance of PM bearings requires a minimum amount of interconnected porosity and satisfactory oil impregnation of the interconnected porosity. A minimum oil content is specified.

    5.4 The results from these test methods may be used for quality control or compliance purposes.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This standard describes three related test methods that cover the measurement of physical properties of oil-impregnated powder metallurgy products.

    1.1.1 Determination of the volume percent of oil contained in the material.

    1.1.2 Determination of the efficiency of the oil-impregnation process.

    1.1.3 Determination of the percent interconnected porosity by oil impregnation.

    1.2 With the exception of the values for density and the mass used to determine density, for which the use of the gram per cubic centimetre (g/cm3) and gram (g) units is the long-standing industry practice, the values in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy

    D1217 Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    IEEE/ASTM Standard

    SI10 American National Standard for Use of the International System of Units (SI): The Modern Metric System


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31132000(Powdered metal components)


    DOI: 10.1520/B0963

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