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Significance and Use
Test specimens are used to determine the engineering properties of PM materials, for example, tensile strength, ductility, impact energy, etc.; property data that are essential to the successful use of PM material standards. Processing PM test specimens under production conditions is the most efficient method by which to obtain reliable PM material property data since in most cases it is impractical or impossible to cut test bars from sintered parts.
The performance characteristics of metal powders, for example, compressibility, green strength and dimensional changes associated with processing are evaluated using PM test specimens under controlled conditions. The data obtained are important to both metal powder producers and PM parts manufacturers.
PM test specimens play a significant role in industrial quality assurance programs. They are used to compare properties of a new lot of metal powder with an established lot in an acceptance test and are used in the part manufacturing process to establish and adjust production variables.
In those instances where it is required to present equivalent property data for a production lot of PM parts, standard test specimens compacted from the production powder mix to the same green density can be processed with the production PM parts and then tested to obtain this information.
Material property testing performed for industrial or academic research and development projects uses standard PM test specimens so the test results obtained can be compared with previous work or published data.
Powder metallurgy test specimens may have multiple uses. The dimensions and tolerances given in this standard are nominal in many cases. The user is cautioned to make certain that the dimensions of the test specimen are in agreement with the requirements of the specific test method to be used.
1.1 These standard practices cover the specifications for those uniaxially compacted test specimens that are used in ASTM standards, the procedures for producing and preparing these test specimens, and reference the applicable standards.
1.2 Basic tool design and engineering information regarding the tooling that is required to compact the test specimens and machining blanks are contained in the annexes.
1.3 This standard is intended to be a comprehensive one-source document that can be referenced by ASTM test methods that utilize PM test specimens and in ASTM PM material specifications that contain the engineering data obtained from these test specimens.
1.4 These practices are not applicable to metal powder test specimens that are produced by other processes such as cold isostatic pressing (CIP), hot isostatic pressing (HIP), powder forging (PF) or metal injection molding (MIM). They do not pertain to cemented carbide materials.
1.5 Detailed information on PM presses, compacting tooling and sintering furnaces, their design, manufacture and use are not within the scope of these practices.
1.6 Test specimen and die cavity dimensions shown in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard and are applicable to the referenced ASTM test methods and material specifications. Values in SI units are shown in parentheses and result from conversion in accordance with IEEE/ASTM Standard SI 10
1.7 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A34/A34M Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials
A341/A341M Test Method for Direct Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using D-C Permeameters and the Ballistic Test Methods
A596/A596M Test Method for Direct-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Ballistic Method and Ring Specimens
A773/A773M Test Method for dc Magnetic Properties of Materials Using Ring and Permeameter Procedures with dc Electronic Hysteresigraphs
A811 Specification for Soft Magnetic Iron Parts Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Techniques
A839 Specification for Iron-Phosphorus Powder Metallurgy (P/M) Parts for Soft Magnetic Applications
A904 Specification for 50 Nickel-50 Iron Powder Metallurgy Soft Magnetic Parts
A927/A927M Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Toroidal Core Specimens Using the Voltmeter-Ammeter-Wattmeter Method
B215 Practices for Sampling Metal Powders
B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy
B312 Test Method for Green Strength of Specimens Compacted from Metal Powders
B328 Test Method for Density, Oil Content, and Interconnected Porosity of Sintered Metal Structural Parts and Oil-Impregnated Bearings
B331 Test Method for Compressibility of Metal Powders in Uniaxial Compaction
B438 Specification for Bronze-Base Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings (Oil-Impregnated)
B439 Specification for Iron-Base Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings (Oil-Impregnated)
B528 Test Method for Transverse Rupture Strength of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Specimens
B595 Specification for Sintered Aluminum Structural Parts
B610 Test Method for Measuring Dimensional Changes Associated with Processing Metal Powders
B715 Specification for Sintered Copper Structural Parts for Electrical Conductivity Applications
B783 Specification for Materials for Ferrous Powder Metallurgy (PM) Structural Parts
B817 Specification for Powder Metallurgy (PM) Titanium Alloy Structural Components
B823 Specification for Materials for Copper Base Powder Metallurgy (PM) Structural Parts
B853 Specification for Powder Metallurgy (PM) Boron Stainless Steel Structural Components
B939 Test Method for Radial Crushing Strength, K, of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings and Structural Materials
E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E9 Test Methods of Compression Testing of Metallic Materials at Room Temperature
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials
E228 Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
E1876 Test Method for Dynamic Youngs Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissons Ratio by Impulse Excitation of Vibration
SI10 Standard for Use of the International System of Units (SI): The Modern Metric System
MPIF StandardStandard56 Method for Determination of Rotating Beam Fatigue Endurance Limit in Powder Metallurgy Materials Available from MPIF, 105 College Road East, Princeton, NJ 08540.
ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)
ASTM B925-08, Standard Practices for Production and Preparation of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Test Specimens, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.orgBack to Top