ASTM B85 / B85M - 14

    Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings

    Active Standard ASTM B85 / B85M | Developed by Subcommittee: B07.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.02


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    Abstract

    This specification covers aluminum-alloy die castings of all compositions. Unless otherwise specified, only aluminum alloy conforming to the requirements of Specification B 179 or producer's foundry scrap shall be used in the remelting furnace from which molten metal is taken for pouring directly into castings. Additions of small amounts of modifiers and grain refining elements or alloys are permitted. Pure materials, recycled materials, and master alloys and material not conforming to Specification B 179 may be used to make alloys conforming to this specification, provided chemical analysis can be taken and adjusted to conform to the chemical requirements prior to pouring any castings. The castings shall be supplied such that they can be laid out and machined to the final dimensions specified on the blueprints or drawings.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers aluminum-alloy die castings of all compositions. Thirteen of the most commonly die cast alloy compositions are specified, designated as shown in Table 1.

    (A) Analysis shall ordinarily be made only for the elements mentioned in this table. If, however, the presence of other elements is suspected, or indicated in the course of routine analysis, further analysis shall be made to determine that the total of these other elements are not present in excess of specified limits.
    (B) For purposes of acceptance and rejection, the observed value or calculated value obtained from analysis should be rounded off to the nearest unit in the last right-hand place of figures, used in expressing the specified limit, in accordance with the rounding procedure prescribed in Section 3 of Practice E29.
    (C) Limits are in percent maximum unless shown otherwise.
    (D) Alloys 360.0, 380.0, 413.0, C443.0 and 518.0 are suitable for the production of die casting by either the hot-chamber or the cold-chamber process. Die castings of alloys A360.0, A380.0, 383.0, 384.0 and A413.0 may be made only in cold-chamber machines. ASTM designations were established in accordance with Practice B275. ANSI designations were established in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1 (M). UNS designations were established in accordance with Practice E527.
    (E) ”Others” includes listed elements for which no specific limit is shown as well as unlisted metallic elements. The producer may analyze samples for trace elements not specified in the registration or specification. However, such analysis is not required and may not cover all metallic “other” elements. Should any analysis by the producer or the purchaser establish that the aggregate of several “others” elements exceeds the limit of the “Total” the material shall be considered non-conforming.
    (F) The sum of those “others” metallic elements 0.010 percent or more, each expressed to the second decimal before determining the sum.
    (G) With respect to mechanical properties, alloys A380.0, 383.0 and 384.0 are substantially interchangeable.

    1.2 This specification is not intended for aluminum-alloy die castings used in aerospace applications.

    1.3 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1/H35.1(M). The equivalent unified numbering system alloy designations are in accordance with Practice E527.

    1.4 Unless the order specifies the “M” specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.

    1.5 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys and their properties in this specification, see Annex A1 and Annex A2.

    1.6 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B179 Specification for Aluminum Alloys in Ingot and Molten Forms for Castings from All Casting Processes

    B275 Practice for Codification of Certain Nonferrous Metals and Alloys, Cast and Wrought

    B557 Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products

    B557M Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products (Metric)

    B660 Practices for Packaging/Packing of Aluminum and Magnesium Products

    B881 Terminology Relating to Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products

    D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging

    E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E34 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum-Base Alloys

    E505 Reference Radiographs for Inspection of Aluminum and Magnesium Die Castings

    E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)

    E607 Test Method for Atomic Emission Spectrometric Analysis Aluminum Alloys by the Point to Plane Technique Nitrogen Atmosphere

    E716 Practices for Sampling and Sample Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition by Spectrochemical Analysis

    E1251 Test Method for Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    ANSI Standard

    H35.1/H35.1(M)-2006 American National Standard Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.150.10 (Aluminium products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31121101(Aluminum die machined castings)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/B0085_B0085M-14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM B85 / B85M-14, Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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