Active Standard ASTM B68 / B68M | Developed by Subcommittee: B05.04
Book of Standards Volume: 02.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification establishes the requirements for bright annealed seamless copper tube suitable for use in refrigeration, oil lines, gasoline lines, and so forth, where tube with an interior surface essentially free from scale and dirt is required. The tube shall be manufactured by such hot- or cold-working processes as to produce a homogeneous uniform wrought structure in the finished product. The tube shall be cold drawn to the finished size and wall thickness and shall be bright annealed to meet the specified temper. The material shall conform to the chemical composition requirements prescribed and the tube shall be furnished in either of two annealed tempers, light annealed or soft annealed. Grain size and mechanical properties such as tensile strength and elongation shall be determined. The material shall be subjected to expansion and flattening tests to evaluate its performance. An electromagnetic or eddy-current test, a nondestructive test, shall be done as well.
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1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for bright annealed seamless copper tube suitable for use in refrigeration, oil lines, gasoline lines, and so forth, where tube with an interior surface essentially free from scale and dirt is required.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B251 Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube
B251M Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube (Metric)
B577 Test Methods for Detection of Cuprous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys--Wrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
B968/B968M Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube
E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
E2575 Test Method for Determination of Oxygen in Copper and Copper Alloys
ICS Number Code 77.150.30 (Copper products)
UNSPSC Code 40182000(Seamless copper tubes); 73181300(Heat treatment services)