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Significance and Use
3.1 Most coating specifications specify the thickness of the coating because coating thickness is often an important factor in the performance of the coating in service.
3.2 The methods included in this guide are suitable for acceptance testing and are to be found in ASTM standards.
3.3 Each method has its own limitations with respect to the kind of coating and its thickness.
1.1 This guide covers the methods for measuring the thickness of many metallic and inorganic coatings including electrodeposited, mechanically deposited, vacuum deposited, anodic oxide, and chemical conversion coatings.
1.2 This guide is limited to tests considered in ASTM standards and does not cover certain tests that are employed for special applications.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ISO Standards1463 Metal and Oxide Coatings--Measurement of Thickness by Microscopic Examination of Cross Sections 2128 Surface Treatment of Metals--Anodization (Anodic Oxidation) of Aluminum and Its Alloys--Measurement of the Thickness of Oxide Coatings--Nondestructive Measurement by Light Section Microscope 2176 Petroleum Products Lubricating Grease Determination of Dropping Point 2177 Metallic Coatings--Measurement of Coating Thickness--Coulometric Method by Anodic Solution 2178 Non-Magnetic Metallic and Vitreous or Porcelain Enamel Coatings on Magnetic Basis Metals, Measurement of Coating Thickness, Magnetic Method 2360 Non-Conductive Coatings on Non-Magnetic Basis Metals--Measurement of Coating Thickness--Eddy Current Method 2361 Electrodeposited Nickel Coatings on Magnetic and Non-Magnetic Substrates--Measurement of Coating Thickness--Magnetic Method 3497 Metallic Coatings--Measurement of Coating Thickness--X-Ray Spectrometric Methods 3543 Metallic and Non-Metallic Coatings--Measurement of Thickness--Beta Backscatter Method
B244 Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Anodic Coatings on Aluminum and of Other Nonconductive Coatings on Nonmagnetic Basis Metals with Eddy-Current Instruments
B487 Test Method for Measurement of Metal and Oxide Coating Thickness by Microscopical Examination of Cross Section
B499 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thicknesses by the Magnetic Method: Nonmagnetic Coatings on Magnetic Basis Metals
B504 Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Metallic Coatings by the Coulometric Method
B530 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thicknesses by the Magnetic Method: Electrodeposited Nickel Coatings on Magnetic and Nonmagnetic Substrates
B567 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thickness by the Beta Backscatter Method
B568 Test Method for Measurement of Coating Thickness by X-Ray Spectrometry
B588 Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Transparent or Opaque Coatings by Double-Beam Interference Microscope Technique
B681 Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Anodic Coatings on Aluminum and of Other Transparent Coatings on Opaque Surfaces Using the Light-Section Microscope (Discontinued 2001)
B767 Guide for Determining Mass Per Unit Area of Electrodeposited and Related Coatings by Gravimetric and Other Chemical Analysis Procedures
ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)
ASTM B659-90(2014), Standard Guide for Measuring Thickness of Metallic and Inorganic Coatings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top