Significance and Use
Dimensional Change When Compacting and Sintering Metal Powders:
The dimensional change value obtained under specified conditions of compacting and sintering is a material characteristic inherent in the powder.
The test is useful for quality control of the dimensional change of a metal powder mixture, to measure compositional and processing changes and to guide in the production of PM parts.
The absolute dimensional change may be used to classify powders or differentiate one type or grade from another, to evaluate additions to a powder mixture or to measure process changes, and to guide in the design of tooling.
The comparative dimensional change is mainly used as a quality control test to measure variations between a lot or shipment of metal powder and a reference powder of the same material composition.
Factors known to affect size change are the base metal powder grade, type and lot, particle size distribution, level and types of additions to the base metal powder, amount and type of lubricant, green density, as well as processing conditions of the test specimen; heating rate, sintering time and temperature, sintering atmosphere, and cooling rate.
Dimensional Change of Various PM Processing Steps:
The general procedure of measuring the die or a test compact before and after a PM processing step, and calculating a percent dimensional change is also adapted for use as an internal process evaluation test to quantify green expansion, repressing size change, heat treatment changes or other changes in dimensions that result from a manufacturing operation.
1.1 This standard covers a test method that may be used to measure the sum of the changes in dimensions that occur when a metal powder is first compacted into a test specimen and then sintered.
1.2 The dimensional change is determined by a quantitative laboratory procedure in which the arithmetic difference between the dimensions of a die cavity and the dimensions of a sintered test specimen produced from that die is calculated and expressed as a percent growth or shrinkage.
1.3 With the exception of density values, for which the g/cm3 unit is the industry standard, the values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents shown in parentheses, have been converted in accordance with IEEE/ASTM Standard SI 10, may be approximate, and are only for information.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B215 Practices for Sampling Metal Powders
B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy
B328 Test Method for Density, Oil Content, and Interconnected Porosity of Sintered Metal Structural Parts and Oil-Impregnated Bearings
B925 Practices for Production and Preparation of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Test Specimens
IEEE/ASTM SI 10 American National Standard for Metric Practice
absolute; dimensional change; compacting ; comparative dimensional change; due size ; metal powders; sintering; Dimensional change; Metal powders; Powder metallurgy (P/M) materials; Sintering; Size/size distribution analysis;
ICS Number Code 77.160 (Powder metallurgy)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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