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This specification establishes the requirements for round, rectangular, and square copper alloy welded tube for general engineering applications. The tubes are classified into four types: Type I tubes which are finished by passing through sizing and straightening rolls at ambient temperature; Type II tubes which are finished by sizing, straightening, and annealing; Type III tubes which are finished by cold reducing or cold drawing over a plug or mandrel; and Type IV tubes which are finished by cold drawing over a plug or mandrel and annealing, and redrawing and annealing when necessary to conform to a specified size and temper. Tubes shall be welded by any process which produces forged or fusion welds. Forged-welded tube shall be scarfed to remove both internal and external flash. Forged-welded tube to be drawn over a mandrel to produce Types III and IV may have the internal flash completely removed. Fusion-welded tube shall be mechanically worked to produce a smooth external and internal surface without the application of scarfing or other removal of the weld metal bead. Grain size and mechanical properties such as tensile strength and Rockwell hardness shall be determined. The tubes shall be subjected to mercury nitrate, expansion, flattening, and reverse bend tests for performance evaluation. Non-destructive tests such as eddy-current test, hydrostatic test, and pneumatic tests shall be done as well.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
19.1 For the purpose of determining compliance with the specified limits for requirements of the properties listed in the following table, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded as indicated in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29:
1.2 Units—Values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units, which are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 The following hazard statement pertains only to the test method described in 18.2.3, 18.2.4, 18.2.6, and 18.2.7 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B154 Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys
B428 Test Method for Angle of Twist in Rectangular and Square Copper and Copper Alloy Tube
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys--Wrought and Cast
B968/B968M Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube
E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
ICS Number Code 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes); 77.150.30 (Copper products)
UNSPSC Code 40181600(Welded brass tubes)