Active Standard ASTM B447 | Developed by Subcommittee: B05.04
Book of Standards Volume: 02.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification establishes the requirements for welded copper tube with a longitudinal seam free of filler metal produced from sheet or strip of one of the Copper UNS Nos. C10100, C10200, C10300, C10800, C11000, C12000, C12200, and C14200. Copper C11000 welded tube shall not be used in applications where hydrogen embrittlement during heating is a concern. Tempers of the welded tube types are as follows: as-welded: WM50, WM02, or WM04, welded and annealed: W060 and W050, welded and cold drawn: WH00, WH02, and WH04, and fully finished: O60, O50, H55, H58, and H80. The product shall be manufactured by forming the material into a tubular shape on a suitable forming mill and welding shall be accomplished by any process that produces forge or fusion welds. The external flash of forge welded tube shall be removed by scarfing and the internal flash shall be treated by IFI (to remain in the as-welded condition), IFR (scarfing) or IFD (rolling or drawing) technique. The material shall conform to the chemical composition requirements prescribed for copper, phosphorus, and arsenic, as determined by chemical analysis. The welded tubes shall meet the requirements specified for grain size, electrical mass resistivity, mechanical properties such as tensile strength and Rockwell hardness, dimensions, and mass. Performance requirements includes microscopical examination, hydrogen embrittlement susceptibility test, and expansion test. Requirements for tensile, electromagnetic (eddy-current), hydrostatic, and pneumatic tests are detailed.
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2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B170 Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic Copper--Refinery Shapes
B193 Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials
B577 Test Methods for Detection of Cuprous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys--Wrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
ICS Number Code 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes); 77.150.30 (Copper products)