This specification covers sintered bronze, oil-impregnated bearings made primarily from elemental copper, tin, lead, and graphite powders. This specification covers the following variables: Grades (available in three bronze base compositions identifiable by different graphite contents and one leaded bronze grade) and Type (Grades 1 and 2 are available in four types described by specific density ranges. Grade 3 is available in two types and Grade 4 is available in one type). Sintered bronze bearings shall be made by molding or briquetting metal powder mixtures to the proper density. The material shall conform to the required chemical composition for copper, tin, graphite, iron, lead, zinc, nickel, and antimony. The density of bearings supplied impregnated with lubricant shall be within the prescribed limits. Oil content of bearings shall not be less than the prescribed value for each grade and type of material. The material of different grades and types shall conform to the prescribed radial crushing strength requirements. An acceptance specification for the minimum bearing breaking load may be established for any specific standard oil-impregnated bearing. Chemical analysis shall be made for each representative sample of chips, which may be obtained by milling, drilling, filing, or crushing a bearing with clean dry tools without lubrication.
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1.1 This specification covers porous metallic sleeve, flange, thrust and spherical bronze-base bearings that are produced from mixed metal powders utilizing powder metallurgy (PM) technology and then impregnated with oil to supply operating lubrication.
1.2 Included are the specifications for the chemical, physical and mechanical requirements of those bronze-base PM materials that have been developed and standardized specifically for use in the manufacture of these self-lubricating bearings.
1.3 This specification is applicable to the purchase of bronze-base bearings (oil-impregnated) that were formerly covered by military specifications and are intended for government or military applications. Those additional government requirements that only apply to military bearings are listed in the Supplementary Requirements section of this specification.
1.4 This specification acccompanies Specification B 439 that covers the requirements for Iron-Base Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings, (Oil-Impregnated).
1.5 Typical applications for bronze-base bearings are listed in Appendix X1.
1.6 Bearing dimensional tolerance data are shown in Appendix X2, while engineering information regarding installation and operating parameters of PM bearings is included in Appendix X3. Additional useful information on self-lubricating bearings can be found in MPIF Standard 35 and the technical literature.
1.7 With the exception of density values for which the g/cm3 unit is the industry standard, the values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The SI equivalents of inch-pound units, shown in parenthesis, have been converted in accordance with IEEE/ASTM SI 10, may be approximate and are only for information.
1.8 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods described in this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy
B328 Test Method for Density, Oil Content, and Interconnected Porosity of Sintered Metal Structural Parts and Oil-Impregnated Bearings
B439 Specification for Iron-Base Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings (Oil-Impregnated)
B939 Test Method for Radial Crushing Strength, K, of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Bearings and Structural Materials
B946 Test Method for Surface Finish of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Products
E9 Test Methods of Compression Testing of Metallic Materials at Room Temperature
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E1019 Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques
MPIFStandard35 Materials Standards for PM Self-Lubricating Bearings Available from MPIF, 105 College Road East, Princeton, NJ 08540, telephone (609) 452-7700.
SI10 American National Standard for Use of the International System of Units (SI): The Modernized Metric System
ISO2795 Plain Bearings Made from Sintered Metal--Dimensions and Tolerances ISO standards are available from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 16 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, (212) 642-4900.
MS21783 Bearing, Washer, Thrust, Sintered Bronze, Oil-Impregnated
bearing breaking load; bronze bearings; impregnated density; interconnected porosity; oil content; oil-impregnated bearings; open porosity; porous metallic bearings; radial crushing strength; self-lubricating bearings; PM bearings; PV Factor; PV Limit; Sintered bronze bearing; Sintered metal bearings--specifications; Bronze; K (strength constant); Oil content; Oil-impregnated bearings--specifications; Radial crushing force;
ICS Number Code 21.100.01 (Bearings in general)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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